Equatorial Guinea Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Equatorial Guinea: population, cities



According to Countryaah website, Equatorial Guinea has around 1.3 million people.

Ethnic composition

The population of Equatorial Guinea is made up of about 80% Bantu tribes (mainly Fang) and about 10% Bubi, the latter mainly living on the island of Bioko. In addition, there are about 3,000 mixed race (Fernandinos). Around 17% are foreigners – including around 1,000 Europeans in the country.

Religious affiliation

Of the country’s population, around 74% are Catholics, around 20% followers of traditional African religions, 5% Protestants and around 1% Muslim.

National languages

The official languages in Equatorial Guinea are Spanish and French. In addition, Bantu languages (mainly Fang), Bubi and other African languages are in use. Creole Portuguese and Pidgin English (Fernando Po) are minority languages.

Capital and other cities


The capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo on the island of Bioko, with around 140,000 residents. According to Abbreviation Finder, GNQ stands for Equatorial Guinea in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other “bigger” cities are:

  • Bata with around 40,000 residents
  • Luba with around 15,000 residents

Equatorial Guinea: geography, map

Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest states in Africa and is located in central Africa close to the equator. It consists of the mainland part Rio Muni and the five islands Bioko (with the capital Malabo), Corisco, Elobey Grande, Elobey Chico and Annobón in the Gulf of Guinea. The state covers an area of 28,051 km², with around 26,000 km² on the mainland. The largest island Bioko covers an area of around 2,000 km². Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Equatorial Guinea.


  • ForestAround 46% of the country is tropical rainforest and bushland.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 4% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 8% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing cocoa, coffee, bananas and spices.

Equatorial Guinea is bordered by two states:

in Gabon with a length of 350 km and

to Cameroon with a length of 189 km.

The length of the coast to the Atlantic Ocean is around 300 km

Tidal range

In Bata on the Atlantic, the mean tidal range is around 1.80 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Equatorial Guinea extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 01 ° 01 ‘to 02 ° 21′ north latitude Δλ = from 009 ° 21 ‘to 011 ° 20’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.


For Equatorial Guinea, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Malabo

Malabo lies at a north latitude of around φ = 04 ° and thus in the middle of the tropics. If the declination δ of the sun has the value 04 ° N, and the sun’s image point is exactly above the city, the sun is standing there perpendicular. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 16 days after March 21st and then again 16 days before September 21st.


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Malabo, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.

Mountains, rivers, lakes

Pico Basile, Monte Mitra

The highest mountain in Equatorial Guinea is the Pico Basile with a height of 3,008 m. Another high mountain is the Monte Mitra with a height of 1,200 m.

Mbini, Utamboni, Ntem

The longest river in the country is the Mbini. Other rivers in the country are Utamboni and Ntem.


There are no larger lakes in Equatorial Guinea.

Islands off the coast

The following islands are in front of the country or belong to the state elsewhere:

  • Bioko (formerly Santa Isabel or Fernando Poo) with an area of 2,017 km ²
  • Annobón (formerly Pagalu) with an area of 18 km²
  • Corisco with an area of 14 km²

Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic

Equatorial Guinea borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Equatorial Guinea Population