Guyana Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Guyana: population, cities


According to Countryaah website, the population of Guyana is 780,000.

Ethnic composition

52% Indian descent, 30% African, 10% mulatto and mestizo.


25% Roman Catholic, 8% Muslim and 30% Hindi and 28% Protestant communities. Of these, the Anglicans are the largest religious community. The Protestant sect of James Warren Jones achieved sad fame after the mass suicide of its members in 1978, killing hundreds.

National languages

English, Creole on an English basis similar to the Caribbean, Hindi, Urdu and Indian languages.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Guyana is Georgetown, with a population of 234,000. According to Abbreviation Finder, GUY stands for Guyana in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

Linden with around 35,000 residents and New Amsterdam with around 25,000 residents.

Guyana: geography, map

Guyana is located on the northeast coast of South America and borders Brazil in the south, Venezuela in the west, Suriname in the east and the Atlantic Ocean in the north. The country is bordering the Caribbean. It is a member of Caricom, the “Caribbian Comunity”, a political association of the countries and island states of the Caribbean. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Guyana.

Area, landforms and national borders

Guyana covers a total area of 214,969 km².


  • ForestAround 76% of the country is covered by dense rainforest.
  • Meadow/pasture landAround 6% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 2% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing grain.
  • HydrographyAround 8.4% of the country are water or swamp areas.


The lowland, which is up to 5 meters below sea level, formed from alluvial land, is 70 kilometers wide on the coast and is protected from flooding by dams. The adjacent part of the country is a flat hill country that rises up to 150 m high. Two thirds of the land area is taken up by the highlands.

Guyana shares a border with a total of three countries:

  • Brazil with a length of around 1,208 km
  • Suriname with a length of around 726 km
  • Venezuela with a length of around 650 km. The entire area west of the Rio Esquibo is claimed by Venezuela. The southern border on the Corentyne River with Suriname is also not recognized by the neighboring state.


Guyana has a coast to the Atlantic with a length of around 660 km.

On the coast there are a number of impressive lagoons that are 39 to 181 km² in size.

The major rivers are navigable for around 1,250 km. The exploitation of oil reserves on the coast is in conflict with Suriname, which rejects Guyanese rights to maritime and air sovereignty in the area.

Tidal range

In Guyana, the mean tidal range is around 1.70 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m.

In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Guyana extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 02 ° to 08 ° south latitude Δλ = from 57 ° to 62 ° west longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical longitude and latitude.


For Guyana, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = – 5 h

More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Georgetown

Georgetown, the capital of the country, lies at a north latitude of around φ = 07 °. If the sun or its image point is exactly above the city, i.e. at 07 ° N, the sun is exactly vertically above the city. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 26 days after March 21st and 26 days before September 21st (for details see position of the sun).



The highest mountain in the country is the Roraimamit a height of 2,810 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Ayanganna at 2,042 meters
  • Makaradan with a height of 934 meters



The longest river in the country is the Essequibo with a length of around 1,010 km.

Other rivers in the country are:




All four rivers flow into the Atlantic.


The land called “Land of the Waters” has major drainage and irrigation problems. The rivers, which swell rapidly in the rainy season, interrupt the country’s east-west connections. Bridge building and dam construction are expensive, so the lack of drainage is also an economic problem.

The road and rail network is not very large and is almost limited to the coastal region. The dams on the lake protect the populated areas. This system dates back to the 18th and 19th centuries during the time of Dutch and English rule.


Essequibo Islands

The small group of islands of the Essequibo Islands in the estuary of the Essequibo are the largest islands in the country. Some oil rigs in the Atlantic were occupied by Surinamese troops during the foreign policy crisis in 2000.


Guyana borders the Atlantic. With an area of around 106 million km², the Atlantic is the second largest ocean after the Pacific Ocean.

Guyana Population