Honduras Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Honduras: population, cities

Honduras is divided into the following 18 districts, also known as Departamentos:

Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraíso, Francisco Morazán, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahía, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Bárbara, Valle and Yoro.



According to Countryaah website, Honduras has around 9.5 million people.

Ethnic composition

In Honduras about 90% of the population are mestizos (descendants of the Indians and Spaniards), also called Ladinos. 6.7% are Indians, 2% black (Garífunas, they are the descendants of escaped slaves who settled along the Caribbean coast) and 1% white. The most important indigenous ethnic groups include the Chortís, Lencas, Misquitos, Pech, Tawahkas and Tolupanes.


97% of the population belong to the Catholic faith and 3% are Protestants (mostly Protestant sects from the USA).

National languages

Spanish is spoken in Honduras, English and Creole on the Islas de Bahía, plus the languages and dialects of the Indians.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Honduras is Tegucigalpa, with a population of approximately 1.2 million. According to Abbreviation Finder, HND stands for Honduras in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

  • San Pedro Sula, with around 540,000 residents
  • Puerto Cortés, with around 110,000 residents
  • La Ceiba, with around 95,000 residents
  • Chuluteca, with around 80,000 residents
  • Tela, with around 70,000 residents
  • Comayagua, with around 60,000 residents
  • Progreso, with around 60,000 residents

Honduras: geography

Area and land use

Honduras is a country in Central America and is located at the widest point of Central America, the land bridge between North and South America. It is framed in the south-east of Nicaragua, in the north-west of Guatemala and in the south-west of El Salvador. Almost exactly in the north it borders on the Caribbean and in the south-west on the Pacific. The coast to the Caribbean forms a lowland reaching up to approx. 70 km inland, which is dominated by swamps and lagoons; numerous rivers also flow into the sea here. In the fertile valleys, in the area of the Caribbean coast, there are numerous banana plantations. The country is mainly mountainous. In the Gulf of Fonseca on the Pacific coast or in front of it there are a large number of islands of volcanic origin. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Honduras.


Honduras covers an area of approximately 112,492 km².


  • ForestAround 25% of the country is forested. It is made up of tropical rainforest, mountain cloud forest, dry forest, mountain pine forest and the pine savannah.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 3% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Fields and fieldsAbout 13% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing vegetables, tobacco, sugar cane, fruit, corn, bananas, oil palms, cotton and beans. Coffee is planted from a height of 1,000 m.
  • Wetlands16% of the area is in the Caribbean north. It is characterized by sandy beaches, lagoons and, behind them, large mangrove swamps.
  • Mountains82% of Honduras is in the “Central Highlands”.


Honduras shares borders with three countries:

  • Guatemala, with a length of around 256 km
  • El Salvador, with a length of around 342 km
  • Nicaragua, with a length of around 922 km


Honduras has a coastline of about 1,030 km. The length of the coast on the Caribbean side is around 880 km and that on the Pacific side around 150 km.

Tidal range

In La Ceiba on the Caribbean coast, the mean tidal range is around 2.50 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Honduras extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 13 ° to 16 ° north latitude Δλ = from 83 ° 20 ‘to 89 ° 23’ west longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Honduras, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = – 7 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Tegucigalpa

Tegucigalpa lies at a north latitude of around φ = 14 ° and thus in the tropics.

If the declination δ of the sun assumes the value of 14 ° and thus the image point of the sun is above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 37 days before June 21st and then again 37 days after June 21st.


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Tegucigalpa, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.


Cerro Las Minas

The highest mountain in the country is Cerro Las Minas with a height of 2,870 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Montaña de Santa Barbara, with an altitude of 2,744 m
  • La Picucha, with a height of 2,354 m
  • Cerro Azul Meámber, with an altitude of 2,047 m
  • Las Parras, with an altitude of 2,065 m
  • Los Higuerales, at an altitude of 1,985 m
  • La Muralle, at an altitude of 1,980 m


Río Coco

The longest river in the country is the Río Coco with a length of around 725 km.

Other rivers are:

  • Río Patuca, with a length of around 320 km
  • Río Ulúa, with a length of around 240 km
  • Rio Jaitique
  • Río Chuluteca
  • Río Negro


Lago de Yojoa

Honduras has only one freshwater lake, Lago de Yojoa with an area of 90 km².


In front of the country are the following islands, which belong to the group of Islas de Bahía:


Roatán with an area of 128 km²


Guanaja with an area of 53 km²


Utila with an area of 41 km².

The Cayos Chochinos are also off the north coast.

Pacific and Caribbean

Honduras borders the Pacific Ocean in the southwest of the country with a length of approx. 150 km, while in the north Honduras borders on the Caribbean Sea – with a length of around 880 km.


The Pacific Ocean is also known as the Pacific, Pacific, or Great Ocean, and is the largest and deepest ocean in the world. It stretches between the Arctic, North, Central and South America as well as the Antarctic, Australia, Oceania and Asia. It has a gigantic area of 166.24 million km² (excluding secondary seas) and thus covers around 35% of the entire surface of the earth. The ocean, which is larger than all the continents combined, goes at its deepest point in the Mariana Trench down to 11,034 meters below sea level. km to the Pacific Ocean, the largest and deepest ocean in the world. It stretches between the Arctic, North, Central and South America as well as the Antarctic, Australia, Oceania and Asia. It has a gigantic area of 166.24 million km² (excluding secondary seas) and thus covers around 35% of the entire surface of the earth.


The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies between the islands of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west, Mexico and other Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following islands or archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the “actual” Atlantic: Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba. The shortest distance from Cuba to Key West/USA is around 165 km.

The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean forms the “American Mediterranean”.

Honduras Population