Iraq Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Iraq: population, cities

According to Countryaah website, as a result of the known situation in Iraq, the number of people living there is difficult to determine. But one assumes a population of about 32 million people.

At least 70% of them are based in the cities.

As a result of the ongoing civil war-like conditions, at least 2.2 million Iraqis have fled to neighboring countries, mainly to Syria and Jordan. In addition, there are around 2 million internally displaced people.

Ethnic composition

The country’s population is made up of approx. 80% Arabs, 17% Kurds and a few smaller minorities such as Turkmen (approx. 2.5%), Assyrians and Armenians. Religion Over 95% of Iraqis are Muslim (around 60% Shiite and 35% Sunnis). The state religion is Sunni Islam, not the religion of the majority of the population. In addition, there are around 3.5% members of various Monophysite, Orthodox and Catholic-Uniate oriental-Christian churches such as Chaldeans, Nestorians, Gregorians, Roman and Syrian Catholics, Armenian and Old Syrian Orthodox Christians as well as Yazidis, Druze and Mandeans. At most 20 !! (twenty) Jews still remained in the land.


Around 95% of the population are Muslims (approx. 60% Shiites and 35% Sunni).

There are also approx. 1% Christians – with a decreasing trend

National languages

The Iraqis speak 80% Arabic and 15% Kurdish. There are still Bedouin dialects in the southwest. Other minority languages are Turkish (especially in the north), Azerbaijani, Persian (Farsi) and Aramaic.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Iraq is Baghdad with around 7 million residents. According to Abbreviation Finder, IRQ stands for Iraq in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other major cities in the country are:

  • Basra with around 2.3 million residents,
  • Mosul with around 2.2 million residents,
  • Arbil with around 1 million residents and
  • Sulaimaniyya with around 1 million residents.

Iraq: geography, map

Iraq covers an area of 437,393 km2. The country is located in the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula. To the north and north-east there is mountainous country, in the south and west there are deserts. The rivers Euphrates and Tigris run through the central part from north to south and form the Mesopotamia surrounded by fertile plains. However, large areas are now without irrigation controls, which has led to flooding and swamping. The south of the country extends to the Persian Gulf. The autonomous region of Kurdistan-Iraq makes up about 8% of the country. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Iraq. The land consists of:



Only around 0.4% of the country is forested.

Meadow and pasture land

Around 10% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.

Fields and fields

Around 13.5% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing dates, as well as wheat, rice, maize, barley and fruit and vegetables, deserts and steppes

Deserts and steppes

Around 60% of the country are deserts and steppes. The largest deserts are:

– Al Jazírah in the northwest

– Al Harajah in the south

– Syrian desert in the west of the country.

National borders

Iraq borders on the following six states:

the Turkey with a length of 305 km

to Iran with a length of 1,515 kilometers

Syria with a length of 603 km

Jordan with a length of 147 km

Kuwait with a length of 254 km

Saudi Arabia km with a length of 895th

Longitude and latitude

Iraq extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 28 ° 56 ‘to 37 ° 16’ north latitude Δλ = from 38 ° 53 ‘to 48 ° 40’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

In Iraq, the following applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. without taking summer time into account:

Δt (CET) = + 2 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest point of the sun in Baghdad

A certain place in Baghdad lies at a north latitude of around φ = 33 °.

If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer will start in Baghdad, June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

33 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 80.5 °

Thus the highest position of the sun in Baghdad is 80.5 °.


In the north of the country are the Taurus and Zagros chain mountains, the highest peaks of which exceed 3,500 m.

Haji Ibrahim

The highest mountain in Iraq is Haji Ibrahim with a height of 3,600 m.


Euphrates (Al Furat)

The longest river in the country is the Euphrates (Al Furat) with a total length of 2,736 km. It has its source in Turkey and is also the longest river in the Middle East.

Tigris (Dijla/Digla)

The Tigris (Dijla/Digla) is 1,900 kilometers long and also has its source in Turkey. Both rivers, which form the legendary Mesopotamia, merge in Iraq to form the Shatt al-Arab, which flows into the Persian Gulf.


The Chabur is a 320 km long tributary of the Euphrates.

Big Zab (Záb al Kábir), Small Zab

The Big Zab (Záb al Kábir) with a length of 426 km and the Small Zab with a length of 402 km are tributaries of the Tigris, as is the 443 km long Diyala.


Buhayrat ath Tharthár

The largest lake in the country is the Buhayrat ath Tharthár reservoir with an area of up to 2,500 km²

Buhayrat ar Razázah

The also artificial Buhayrat ar Razázah reaches an area of up to 1,850 km².

Hawr al Hammar, Hawr as Sa’díyah.

Smaller lakes are Hawr al Hammár and Hawr as Sa’díyah.

Shatt al-Arab, Persian Gulf

Shatt al-Arab

The Shatt al-Arab is a river delta that is formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers near Al Qurnah on the border between Iraq and Iran. Both rivers flow into the Persian Gulf via the river delda.

The river delta or river has a length of around 195 km.

Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf lies between Iran, Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula. It covers an area of 235,000 km² – with a maximum depth of around 100 m and a water content of around 6,000 km³. In the south it goes over the less than approx. 60 km wide and strategically very important Strait from Hormuz into the Gulf of Oman and then into the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean as part of the Pacific Ocean. In addition to Iraq, the following countries are located on the Persian Gulf: Bahrain, Iran, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The inflow of “fresh water” takes place via the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris – the Shatt al-Arab – on the border between Iraq and Iran. Iraq has a coastline to the Persian Gulf with a length of 58 km.

Iraq Population