Italy Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Italy: population and cities



According to Countryaah website, Italy has a total of 60.7 million residents.

Ethnic composition

In Italy there are mainly Italians, Sardinians minorities such as Slovenes, Albanians and Greeks.

Religious affiliation

In Italy, the majority of all residents practice the Roman Catholic faith. There are also around 1 million Muslims, around 120,000 Buddhists, around 50,000 Protestants and around 40,000 Jews in Italy.

National languages

The national language is Italian, along with Sardinian in Sardinia, German and Ladin in South Tyrol, French in Aosta Valley and Slovenian in Friuli.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Italy is Rome with a population of around 2.8 million. According to Abbreviation Finder, ITA stands for Italy in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym. Other cities in Italy:

  • Milan with around 1,183,000 residents
  • Naples with around 994,000 residents
  • Turin with around 860,000 residents
  • Palermo with around 660,000 residents
  • Genoa with around 604,000 residents
  • Bologna with around 370,000 residents
  • Florence with around 355,000 residents
  • Venice with around 270,000 residents
  • Verona with around 245,000 residents
  • Trieste with around 210,000 residents
  • Messina with around 240,000 residents
  • Módena with around 176,000 residents
  • Parma with around 157,000 residents
  • Cágliari with around 159,000 residents
  • Perúgia with around 150,000 residents
  • Livorno with around 150,000 residents
  • Salerno with around 150,000 residents
  • Ravenna with around 140,000 residents
  • Rímini with around 130,000 residents
  • Ferrara with around 130,000 residents
  • Monza with around 120,000 residents
  • Novara with around 102,000 residents
  • Ancona with around 101,000 residents
  • Pisa with around 86,000 residents
  • Udine with around 96,000 residents

Italy: geography and map

National borders

Italy shares borders with the following countries:

  • Austria with a length of around 430 km
  • Switzerland with a length of around 75 km
  • France with a length of around 490 km
  • San Marino with a length of around 40 km
  • Slovenia with a length of around 230 km
  • Vatican State with a length of only around 3 km

The country’s coastline is around 7,600 km. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Italy.

Area and land use

Italy covers a total area of 301,277 km².


  • ForestAround 22% of the country is forested.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 56% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing grain, wine and tropical fruits.
  • MountainsThe Italian Alps, which also include the Dolomites, stretch out in northern Italy. The up to 2,912 m high Apennines stretches over the entire length of Italy to Sicily.

Tidal range in Genoa

In Genoa the mean tidal range is only a few decimeters.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Italy extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 36 ° to 47 ° north latitude Δλ = from around 8 ° to 19 ° east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

Central European Time (CET) applies to Italy.

Δt (CET) = 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Rome

Rome lies at a north latitude of around φ = 42 °.

As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at 23.5 °, summer starts in Rome on June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

42 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 71.5 °

At 71.5 ° above the horizon, the sun in Rome reached its highest level of the entire year on June 21.


The highest mountain in the country is the Mont Blanc de Courmayeur, a peak in the Mont Blanc massif, with a height of 4,748 m. The affiliation of the main peak of Mont Blanc – the highest mountain in Europe – with a height of 4,792 m is disputed between Italy and France.

Other higher mountains are:

  • Summit in the Monte Rosa massif, about two thirds of which belongs to Italy and one third to Switzerland. The highest point of the massif is the Dufourspitze, which however belongs to Switzerland, with a height of 4,634 m. The Zumsteinspitze in the border region between Italy and Switzerland with a height of 4,563 m.
  • Signalkuppe in the Monte Rosa massif with a height of 4,554 m (Italy/Switzerland)
  • Lyskamm east summit in the Valais Alps with a height of 4,527.2 m (Italy/Switzerland)
  • Lyskamm west summit in the Valais Alps with a height of 4,479 m (Italy/Switzerland)
  • Cervino with a height of 4,478 m
  • Matterhorn in the Valais Alps with a height of 4,477.5 m (Italy/Switzerland)
  • Mont Maudit in the Mont-Blanc group with an altitude of 4,465 m (Italy/France)
  • Pico Luigi Amedeo in the Mont-Blanc group with an altitude of 4,460 m
  • Parrotspitze in the Monte Rosa massif with a height of 4,432 (Italy/Switzerland)
  • Ludwigshöhe in the Monte Rosa massif with a height of 4,341 m (Italy/Switzerland)
  • Schwarzhorn in the Monte Rosa massif with a height of 4,322 m
  • Grand Pilier d’Angle in the Mont-Blanc group with an altitude of 4,243 m
  • Castor in the Valais Alps with a height of 4,228 m (Italy/Switzerland)
  • Vincent pyramid in the Monte Rosa massif with a height of 4,215 m
  • Pointe Walker in the Mont-Blanc group with a height of 4,208 m (Italy/France)
  • Pointe Whymper in the Mont-Blanc group with a height of 4,184 m (Italy/France)
  • Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey in the Mont-Blanc group with an altitude of 4,112 m
  • Mont Brouillard in the Mont Blanc group with a height of 4,069 m
  • Gran Paradiso with a height of 4,061 m
  • Pizzo Bernina with an altitude of 4,050 m
  • Il Roc in the Gran Paradiso group with a height of 4,026 m
  • Punta Baretti in the Mont Blanc group with a height of 4,013 m
  • Marmolada with a height of 3,343 m (highest mountain in the Dolomites)

Active volcanoes

Italy has three volcanoes that are still active:

The Vesuvius near Naples, the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum buried during a severe outbreak on 24 August of the 79th

It currently has a height of 1,182 m. Volcanologists anticipate another major eruption, although it is believed that it is possible to predict the eruption early enough to allow sufficient time for the affected areas to be evacuated.

The area is divided into three danger zones: the red zone is the death zone, in the yellow one can cause houses to collapse due to the ash rain, etc. come. The blue zone is considered to be less endangered, but this depends, among other things, on the prevailing wind direction during an outbreak.

The Etna on Sicily.

It has a height of 3,370 m. It is the highest and most active volcano in Europe.

However, the frequent outbreaks usually do not pose a major threat to the people of the region. At most, localities will be spilled due to the relatively slow flowing lava flows.

  • The Stromboliis on the island, which is part of the Aeolian Islands. It has a height of about 926 m, although the information varies. In the past, the eruptions, which occurred approximately every 30 minutes, served seafarers as a good navigation aid. But even today the volcano impresses water sports enthusiasts or ship passengers at night when they approach it. Tourists very much like to climb the volcano in the late afternoon hours from the small place at its foot to spend the night up there in a sleeping bag and watch the regular eruptions. The island can be easily reached by ferry from Naples, among others. The other islands of the Aeolian Islands, also known as the Aeolian Islands, are: Lipari, Salina, Vulcano, Panarea, Filicudi and Alicudi.



The longest river in the country is the Po with a length of around 620 km.

It rises in the Italian western Alps on the Monte Viso mountain.

On its way to the east, through the Po Valley named after him, it flows through Turin, Piacenza and Cremona, for example. The Po flows into the Adriatic about 50 km south of Venice.


The Adige (Etsch) has a length of around 415 km, making it the second longest river in Italy. The source of the Etsch is located in South Tyrol, more precisely in the Ötztal Alps. On the way the Adige passes Merano, Bozen and Verona, for example.

The Etsch flows into the Adriatic about 30 km south of Venice.


The Tiber has a length of around 405 km, making it the third longest river in Italy. It rises in the Apennines, more precisely on the Monte Fumaiolo mountain. On its way south, the Tiber flows through Tuscany as well as the cities of Perugia and of course Rome. The Tiber flows into the Mediterranean or the Tyrrhenian Sea near the Roman airport Fiumicino, about 30 km southwest of the Roman center.


The Adda has a length of around 313 km and is a tributary of the Po. The source of the Adda is in the Rhaetian Alps on the Swiss border. On the way south, the Adda flows through Lombardy and cities like Lecco, Trezzo and Cassano d’Adda. The Adda flows into the Po about 10 km west of Cremona.


The Oglio with a length of around 280 km is a tributary of the Po. Its source is in Lombardy on the Corno dei Tre Signori mountain. The Oglio flows into the Po at Borgoforte.


The Tanaro with a length of 276 km rises in the Ligurian Alps after the French border. The Tanaro flows into the Po near Bassignan.


The Arno with a length of around 240 km is one of the most important rivers in central Italy. It rises on Monte Falterona in the Apennines and flows in a westerly direction. On its way west, it flows through Florence and Pisa, for example. The Arno flows into the Mediterranean or the Tyrrhenian Sea about 15 km west of Pisa.


The Piave with a length of 220 km rises on the mountain Monte Peralba in the Carnic Alps and flows into the Adriatic Sea near Jesolo.


Lake Garda

The largest lake is Lake Garda with an area of around 370 km².

Other larger lakes are:

  • Lake Maggiore with an area of around 213 km²
  • Lake Como with an area of around 146 km²
  • Lake Bolsena with an area of around 114 km²
  • Lake Trasimeno with an area of 128 km²


The following larger islands belong to Italy:

  • Sicily with an area of 25,426 km2
  • Sardinia with an area of 23,813 km2
  • Elba with an area of 224 km2The island is located in the Tuscan Archipelago of the Tuscany region in the province of Livorno. It is just under 20 km from mainland Italy. The island can be reached by ferry within an hour from the port of Piombino, but also one further north from Livorno.Around 32,000 people live on the island in winter, and much more in summer because of the tourists. The eight municipalities on the island are: Portoferraio (the island’s capital), Campo nell’Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, Rio Marina and Rio nell’Elba. The highest mountain on the island, to which a cable car leads, is the 1,019 m high Monte Capanne. The island has enjoyed great popularity with tourists for many years. But it is particularly known as the temporary place of exile of Napoleon, who resided here from May 4, 1814 to March 1, 1815 as ruler of the island.
  • Pantelleria with an area of 83 km2
  • Ischia with an area of 46 km2
  • Capri with an area of 10.5 km 2
  • Tremiti Islands with an area of about 3 km2
  • Pontine IslandsThe Pontine Islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea cover a land area of around 11.4 km². The main island is Ponza.
  • Aeolian IslandsThe most famous of the 7 Aeolian Islands is certainly Stromboli, with an area of only 12.6 km2 with the constantly active 930 m high volcano of the same name. The island is approached from Genoa with ferries – also with hydrofoils. On the summit of the volcano, numerous tourists watch the regular eruptions of the volcano every night, which in ancient times served as a natural beacon for navigators. The ascent to the summit is easy but difficult.The island became known, among other things, through the film of the same name by the Italian director Roberto Rossellini from 1949, with Ingrid Bergman in the leading role, and through the novel by Jules Verne from 1864 “The Journey to the Center of the Earth”, in which the “travelers” return to the surface of the earth at the end of their journey through the Stromboli crater.
  • Egadi IslandsThe Egadi Islands are located off the west coast of Sicily and cover an area of around 37.5 km². The main island is Favignana.
  • Pelagic Islands

The Pelagic Islands are a group of three between Tunisia, Malta and Sicily. The islands cover an area of around 25.5 km². The main island is Lampedusa, which is also known in Germany as the “refugee island”.

Mediterranean and marginal seas

Italy borders the Mediterranean.

Italy Population