Kosovo Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Kosovo Population and cities


Number of population

According to Countryaah website, Kosovo has a total of around 1.8 million residents, of which around 91% were Albanians, 4% Serbs and 5% others.

Ethnic composition

As already mentioned live in Kosovoca. 91% Albanians, approx. 4% Serbs and Montenegrins and approx. 5% of other origins.

Religious affiliation

Mostly Muslims live in Kosovo, but there are also Christians and Orthodox.

National languages

The official national languages in Kosovo are Albanian and Serbian.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Kosovo is Pristina with a population of approx. 198,200. According to Abbreviation Finder, RKS stands for Kosovo in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

  • Prizren with around 107,000 residents
  • Uroševac with around 70,000 residents
  • Peć with around 68,000 residents
  • Orahovac with around 68,000 residents

Kosovo: map

National borders

The Kosovo with a total of four countries having a common border. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Kosovo.


These are the limits to:

  • Albania with a length of around 111.8 km
  • Macedonia with a length of around 158.7 km
  • Montenegro with a length of around 78.6 km
  • Serbia with a length of around 351.6 km

Kosovo: geography


Kosovo is a country on the Balkan Peninsula in south-eastern Europe. But the status as a separate state is controversial under international law. On February 17, 2008, the parliament in Pristina proclaimed the country’s independence from Serbia. But only 66 of the 192 UN member states recognize Kosovo as a separate state. And Serbia continues to regard Kosovo as its Autonomous Province.

Kosovo is a landlocked country and therefore has no coast to the sea.

Area and land use

Kosovo covers a total area of 10,887 km2.


  • ForestAround 446 km² of the country is forested area.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 200 km² of the country are used as arable land or fields, especially for growing maize, wheat and barley, potatoes, plums, grapes and tobacco.
  • MountainsAbout 53% of the area of Kosovo is covered with mountains. In the southwest is the ridge of the Sar-Planina Mountains, which are up to 2,750 m high. The Pashtrik Mountains are located in the west on the border with Albania, where the Albanian Alps are also located.

National borders

Kosovo has a common border with a total of 4 states. These are the limits to:

  • Albania with a length of around 111.8 km
  • Macedonia with a length of around 158.7 km
  • Montenegro with a length of around 78.6 km
  • Serbia with a length of around 351.6 km

Longitude and latitude

Kosovo extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 41 ° 52 ‘to 43 ° 16’ north latitude Δλ = from 19 ° 59 ‘to 21 ° 16’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.


In Kosovo, Central European Time (CET) applies without summer time, i.e. the same time as in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

Δt (CET) = 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Pristina

Pristina lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 42.5 °.

As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, it is the beginning of summer in Prishtina, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

42.5 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 71 °

At 71 °, the sun in Prishtina has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).



The highest mountain in the country is Gjeravica with a height of 2,656 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Bistra with a height of 2,640 m
  • Marjash with a height of 2,530 m
  • Luboteni with a height of 2,496 m
  • Koproniku with a height of 2,460 m


Drini i Bardhe

The longest river in the country is the Drini i Bardhe with a length of around 122 km.

Other rivers in the country are:

  • Sitnica with a length of around 90 km
  • Lumbardhi i Pejes with a length of around 62 km
  • Morava e Binqes with a length of around 60 km
  • Lepenci with a length of around 53 km



The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes. The largest lake is the Gazivode with an area of about 9.1 km².

Other larger lakes are:

  • Batllave with an area of around 3.27 km²
  • Badovc with an area of around 2.57 km²
  • Radoniq with an area of around 5.96 km²

Kosovo Population