Liechtenstein Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Liechtenstein Population and cities



According to Countryaah website, Liechtenstein has approx. 36,300 residents.

Ethnic composition

Approximately 65% Liechtensteiners, 11% Swiss, 6% Austrians, as well as approx. 3% each of German, Italian, Yugoslav and Turks live in Liechtenstein.

Religious affiliation

Currently around 78% of the population of Liechtenstein are Catholic, 8% Protestant and 5% Islamic.

National languages

The official language in Liechtenstein is German; an Alemannic dialect is also common as a colloquial language.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Liechtenstein is Vaduz, with a population of around 5,200. According to Abbreviation Finder, LIE stands for Liechtenstein in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other larger cities are:

Schaan with around 5,100 residents, Triesen with around 4,500 residents and Balzers with around 4,300 residents.

Liechtenstein: geography

National borders

Liechtenstein shares a border with two countries:

  • to Switzerland with a length of around 41 km
  • to Austria with a length of around 35 km

Area and land use

Liechtenstein covers a total area of 160 km² and is therefore a fairly small independent city. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Liechtenstein. For example, Berlin has an area of around 892 km² and Luxembourg of 2,586 km².

Of the area of the principality are:

  • ForestAround 35% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 16% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 27% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing wine and maize.

National borders

Liechtenstein shares a border with two countries:

  • to Switzerland with a length of around 41 km
  • to Austriawith a length of around 35 km

Longitude and latitude

Liechtenstein extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 47 ° 16 ‘to 47 ° 2´ N Δλ = from 9 ° 28´ to 9 ° 38´ O

You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical longitude and latitude.


For Liechtenstein, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET). A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = 0 h

More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Vaduz

Vaduz lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 47 ° (exactly: 47 ° 08 ‘).

If the sun is at the southern tropic, i.e. at δ = -23.5 °, summer starts in Vaduz, this is June 21. Then for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun).

47 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 66.5 °

At 66.5 °, the sun in Vaduz has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).



The highest mountain in the country is the Grauspitz. The double summit of the Grauspitz consists of the Hintergrauspitz with a height of 2,574 m and the Vordergrauspitz with a height of 2,599 m.

Other high mountains in Liechtenstein are:

  • the Schwarzhorn with a height of 2,574 m
  • the Naafkopf with a height of 2,570 m
  • the falcon with a height of 2,564 m
  • the Falknishorn with a height of 2,452 m
  • the Augstenberg with a height of 2,359 m

The Rhine

The longest river in the country is the Rhine with a length of around 1,230 km from its source in Switzerland to its mouth in the Netherlands. The river forms the entire border of the principality with Switzerland.

According to some authors, the Rhine rises in Tomasse in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. But there are some source rivers further away from the mouth that other authors consider to be sources of the Rhine, such as the source of the “Rein da Medel” in the canton of Ticino in the catchment area of the Hinterrhein. Depending on the source, the Rhine has a length of 1,230 km (from Tomasee) or around 1,300 km. The Tomasee lies at an altitude of 2,345 m in the catchment area of the Vorderrhein. The Vorderrhein rises in the approx. 3,000 m high area of the Gotthard tunnel and flows through the famous Flims Gorge. The Hinterrhein lies further east and is coming

At Tamins, a municipality 10 km west of Chur in the canton of Graubünden, the Vorderrhein and Hinterrhein flow together to form the “Alpine Rhine”. This Alpine Rhine is around 100 km long and – as mentioned – forms the border between Liechtenstein and Switzerland and, further north, part of the border between Switzerland and Austria.

West of Bregenz, the Alpine Rhine flows into the Upper Lake – part of Lake Constance – then through the Rhine Lake and at the end of the Lower Lake it leaves Lake Constance at Stein am Rhein. At Schaffhausen in Switzerland, it plunges down as a waterfall over a height difference of m. The Rhine Falls of Schaffhausen are impassable for all types of ships and fish (except eels). With a height of 23 m and a width of 150 m, it is the largest waterfall in Europe after Dettifoss on Iceland.

At Hoek van Holland the “Rhine” then flows into the North Sea.

The Rhine from the source to the mouth is divided into the following sections:

Source rivers area

Is described earlier in the text

Alpine Rhine

The Alpine Rhine stretches from the confluence of the Vorder and Hinterrhein to Lake Constance (Oberer See) near Bregenz.

Obersee, Seerhein and Untersee (together Lake Constance)

From the Obersee the Rhine flows through the Seerhein and the Untere See, which ends at Stein am Rhein.

Upper Rhine

The Upper Rhine begins in Stein am Rhein, at the end of Lake Constance, and extends to Basel.

Here is the Rhine Falls of Schaffhausen, which, with a height difference of 23 m and a width of 150 m, is the largest and most water-rich waterfall in Europe.

It is only a few kilometers away from Lake Constance – west of the Untersee in Switzerland

Upper Rhine

The Upper Rhine begins in Basel and extends to Binger Loch. The Middle Upper Rhine Valley is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Middle Rhine

The Middle Rhine begins at Binger Loch and extends to Bonn.

At Sankt Goarshausen in Rhineland-Palatinate, it passes the Loreley, an approximately 125 m high slate rock on the right bank of the Rhine, which was immortalized by Heinrich Heine’s poem.

Lower Rhine

The Lower Rhine begins in Bonn and extends to the Rhine-Maas Delta.

Rhine-Maas Delta

The Rhine-Maas Delta consists of a branched river delta that is formed before the confluence of the Rhine and Maas into the North Sea. The Meuse rises in France, flows through Belgium and flows into the North Sea after approx. 925 km in this delta.

Major cities on the Rhine















Tributaries of the Rhine (alphabetically), the river lengths are rounded up or down:

Name of the river Estuary in section of the Rhine Length of the river in km
Aare Upper Rhine 290
Ahr Middle Rhine 90
Old Issel Rhine-Maas Delta 80
Bad Obersee (Lake Constance) 80
Berkel Rhine-Maas Delta 110
Birs Upper Rhine 75
Bregenz Oh Obersee (Lake Constance) 80
Elz Upper Rhine 90
Emscher Lower Rhine 85
Erft Lower Rhine 105
Ill Upper Rhine 210
Lahn Middle Rhine 245
lip Lower Rhine 220
Meuse Rhine-Maas Delta 920
Main Upper Rhine 525
Moder Upper Rhine 95
Moselle Middle Rhine 545
Murg Upper Rhine 80
Near Upper Rhine 115
Neckar Upper Rhine 365
Oude Maas Rhine-Maas Delta 30
Dysentery Lower Rhine 220
Angry Upper Rhine 70
victory Lower Rhine 155
Thur Upper Rhine 130
Wied Middle Rhine 100
Wupper Lower Rhine 120
Wutach Upper Rhine 90

Liechtenstein Population