Malta Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Malta Population and cities



According to Countryaah website, Malta has around 419,000 residents. Due to its small area, the country is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe and has one of the highest population densities in the world.

The island of Gozo has about 30,000 residents and only 4 people live on Comino. Another 400,000 or so Maltese live abroad.

Ethnic composition

About 96% of the country’s residents are Maltese, another 2% are British.


About 97% of the Maltese population are Catholic Christians. There are also minorities of Protestants, Orthodox and Jews.

According to the constitution, Catholicism is the state religion of the Maltese people.

National languages

The country’s official languages are Maltese (a Semitic language interspersed with Arabic and Romance vocabulary) and English. Italian is used as the colloquial language.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Malta is Valletta with around 6,300 residents. According to Abbreviation Finder, MLT stands for Malta in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

  • Birirkara with around 22,000 residents
  • Qormi with around 20,000 residents
  • Hamrun with around 14,000 residents
  • Sliema with around 14,000 residents

Malta: geography

The island of Malta has a coast to the Mediterranean Sea with a length of about 197 km, the coast of the island of Gozo is about 56 km long. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Malta.



Malta, the smallest European island state, is located in the Mediterranean Sea between Sicily and the North African coast. The island state has become known to some through the Order of Malta.

The Republic of Malta covers a total of 316 km² – with around 434,000 residents. The capital is Valletta.

Islands that make up the state

The island state of Malta consists of the following six islands:

Malta with an area of about 246 km²

– Gozo (Ghawdex) with an area of about 67 km²

– Comino (Kemmuna) with an area of about 3 km²

– and the tiny uninhabited islands of Cominotto (Kemmunett), Filfla (Filfola) and St. Pauls Island.

Area and land use

Malta covers an area of approx. 316 km².

Fields and fields

Around 37% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing potatoes, and also for tomatoes, onions and flowers.


The island of Malta has a coast to the Mediterranean Sea with a length of about 197 km, the coast of the island of Gozo is about 56 km long.

Tidal range

In Valletta the mean tidal range is only a few decimeters.

(For a detailed explanation of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow).


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

The Republic of Malta extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 35 ° 48 ‘to 36 ° north latitude Δλ = from 14 ° 10′ to 14 ° 35 ‘east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Time in the country

For Malta, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time):

Δt (CET) = 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Valletta

Valletta lies at a north latitude of around φ = 36 °.

As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, it is the beginning of summer in Valletta, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

36 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 77.5 °

This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that the sun occupies within the year in Valetta.

Mountains, elevations

Dingli cliffs

The highest elevations on Malta are the Dingli cliffs (Ta ‘Dmejrek or Dingli Cliffs) with a height of 253 m.

Rivers and lakes

There are no rivers or lakes to speak of in Malta.

“Chadwich Lake” describes a valley where rainwater is collected in several small basins between autumn and spring.

Malta is one of the most arid countries in the world. The drinking water is mainly obtained with the help of seawater desalination plants.

The Mediterranean

Malta is about 90 km south of Sicily – in the middle of the Mediterranean.

Malta Population