Micronesia Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Micronesia Population, cities



According to Countryaah website, the Federated States of Micronesia have approximately 135,000 residents.

Ethnic composition

The population is made up of nine Micronesian and Polynesian tribes.


50% of the population are Catholics and 47% are Protestants.

National language

English is the official language. Chuuku, Kosraen, Pohnpeian and Yapese are also spoken.

Capital, seat of government

The capital of the Federated States of Micronesia is Kolonia with a population of around 6,200. It is located on the island of Pohnpei, the seat of government is Palikir with a population of approx. 107,000 and is also on Pohnpei. According to Abbreviation Finder, FSM stands for Micronesia in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Federated States of Micronesia: Geography

Areas and archipelagos

The Federated States of Micronesia cover a total area of 702 km². Due to its island location, the state has no national borders with other states. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Micronesia.

The state consists of four archipelagos with a total of 607 islands, with a coastline of around 6,112 km.

The four archipelagos extend from west to east:

  • Yap, with 11,900 residents and an area of 119 km² and 145 islands
  • Chuuk, with approx. 55,000 residents and an area of 127 km² and 294 islands
  • Pohnpei, with approx. 45,900 residents and an area of 344 km² and 163 islands
  • Kosrae, with about 15,000 residents and an area of 110 km² and 5 islands

Chuuk was occupied by the Japanese and as a result was attacked by the Americans on February 17 and 18, 1944. During the bombardment, over 50 warships sank in the archipelago of the same name, and Japan lost around 400 aircraft and around 4,000 soldiers. The ships, which were sunk at the time and are now covered with coral, have become an Eldorado for divers. The divers are a not inconsiderable source of income for the local people.

Legal time

For the Federated States of Micronesia, the value given below applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET): Yap and Chuuk + 9 h Δt (CET): Pohnpei and Kosrae + 10 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Palikir

Palikir lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 07 ° and thus in the middle of the tropics.

If the declination δ of the sun has the value 07 ° N and the image point of the sun is above the city or the island, the sun is standing there perpendicular. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 27 days after March 21st and 27 days before September 21st.


If the declination δ of the sun is north of the latitude of Palikir, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.

Mountains, Mt. Nahna Laud

Mt. Nahna Laud

The highest mountain in the country is Mt. Nahna Laud on the island of Pohnpei with a height of 798 m.

Other mountains or elevations are:

  • Mount Finkol with a height of 619 m on the island of Kosrae
  • Mount Teroken with a height of 364 m on the island of Moen


Malem River

The longest river in the country is the Malem River.

Another long river is the Finkol River.

Pacific Ocean

The Federated States of Micronesia border the Pacific Ocean with a total coast length of 6,112 km – more precisely, the Federated States of Micronesia are located in the South Pacific, the so-called South Seas. This region of the Pacific Ocean includes the Polynesian Islands as well as parts of Melanesia and Micronesia.

Micronesia Population