Moldova Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Moldova Population and cities


According to Countryaah website, Moldova has around 3.5 million residents.

Ethnic composition

The country’s population consists of about 64.5% Moldovans (an ethnic subgroup of the Romanians). Furthermore, 13.8% Ukrainians, 13% Russians, 3.5% Gagauz (autonomous Turkic people in the extreme south of the country), 2% Bulgarians and 1.5% Jews live in the country. There is also a small minority of German descent in Moldova.


About 98% of Moldova’s residents are Orthodox Christians. Another 1% are Jews. There are also small minorities of Catholics, Baptists, and Jehovah’s Witnesses.

National language

The official language of the country is Moldavian, a Romanian dialect that is also widespread in the east of Romania. (In contrast to Romania, however, Cyrillic letters were used for the writing in Moldova during the Soviet era, which is still the case in Transnistria today.) As a result of the 45 years of Soviet rule, Russian is still the most widely spoken language in the country. Ukrainian, Gagauz (a Turkic language) and other minority languages are also used.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Moldova is Chişinău with around 723,500 residents. According to Abbreviation Finder, MDA stands for Moldova in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other larger cities are:

  • Tiraspol with around 170,000 residents,
  • Bălti with around 120,000 residents,
  • Tighina with around 120,000 residents,
  • Rîbniţa with around 60,000 residents,
  • Cahul with around 40,000 residents.

Moldova: geography

National borders

Moldova borders two states:

  • Romania with a length of 450 km
  • Ukraine with a length of 939 km.


Moldova is a landlocked country in south-eastern Europe, it lies between Romania in the west and Ukraine in the north, east and south. The landscape is mostly flat and hilly. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Moldova.


Area and land use

Moldova covers an area of 33,843 km².


  • ForestAround 25% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 9% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 66% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing wine, fruit, vegetables, tobacco, grain and sugar beet.

National borders

Moldova borders two states:

Romania with a length of 450 km

Ukraine with a length of 939 km.

Longitude and latitude

Moldova extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 45 ° 30 ‘to 48 ° 30’ north latitude Δλ = from 26 ° 40 ‘to 030 ° 20’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.


For Moldova, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET). A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = + 1 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Chişinău

Chişinău lies at a north latitude of around 47 °.

When the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at = 23.5 °, summer begins in Chişinău, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

47 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 66.5 °

This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that the sun occupies within the year in Chişinău.


Monte Balănesti

The highest mountain or the highest elevation in Moldova is Monte Balănesti with a height of 429 m.


Dniester (Nistru)

The longest river in the country is the Dniester (Nistru) with a length of 1,352 km. One of its tributaries is the Stryj with a length of 232 km.


Another larger river is the Prut with a length of 953 km, it flows into the Danube near the southern border of the country. Its main tributaries are Bîc, Reut and Botna.


There are no larger lakes in Moldova.

Moldova Population