Monaco Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Monaco Population and capital


According to Countryaah website, Monaco has about 35,500 residents. However, around 30,000 French and 5,000 Italians come to the city-state every day to work.

Ethnic composition

The population of Monaco is made up of around 47% French, 17% Italian, 15% Monegasque and 3% German.


About 90% of the residents of Monaco are Catholic.

National languages Monegasque

is mainly spoken in Monaco. This language is a Romance dialect. French is also spoken in Monaco.


Monaco is a city-state and has no capital. However, the Prince’s palace and numerous administrative and government buildings are located in the Monaco-Ville district. According to Abbreviation Finder, MCO stands for Monaco in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

With around 16,000 residents per km², the city-state also has one of the highest densities in the world. Monte Carlo is also a district of Monaco known for its casinos, beach and local celebrities.

Monaco: map

Land border, length of coastline, tidal range

Monaco has only one border, namely with France – with a length of approx. 4.5 km and a coastline to the Mediterranean Sea of approx. 4.1 km. The tidal range on the coast and the port of the state is only a little more than a decimeter. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Monaco.


Area and population density

The Principality of Monaco lies on the edge of the French Maritime Alps and covers an area of only 202 hectares; that is 2.02 km². The state has a population density of around 16,750 people per km², making it the state with the highest population density in the world, ahead of Singapore.

In 1966, Prince Rainier III. started to increase the area of the land through landfills. In 19821 the then Crown Prince laid the foundation stone for the new city district on an area of around 40 hectares – Fontvieille.

Longitude and latitude

Monaco is roughly at the following latitude (abbreviation φ) and longitude (abbreviation λ):

φ = 44 ° north latitude λ = 008 ° east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical longitude and latitude.


For Monaco, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET).

Δt (CET) = 0 h

More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.

Highest point of the sun in Monaco

Monaco lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 44 °. If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer will start in Monaco on June 21. Then for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun).

44 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 69.5 °

At 69.5 °, the sun in Monaco has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).


Mont Angel

The Mont Angel with a height of 1,148 m lies on the border between France and Monaco. The highest part of the mountain in the Monaco area is at an altitude of 161 m and is the highest point in Monaco.

It is located on the Chemin des Révoires, a path on the slope of the mountain.

The Mediterranean

Monaco borders the Mediterranean Sea for around 4.1 km.

Monaco Population