Myanmar Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Myanmar Population, cities


According to Countryaah website, Myanmar has around 59.1 million residents – however, depending on the source, the information can vary greatly.

Ethnic composition

  • 68% Burmese
  • 9% Shan
  • 7% Karen
  • 4% rakhine
  • 3% Chinese
  • 2% Indian
  • 2% mon
  • 5% others


The Rohingya Muslim ethnic group is denied citizenship of the country. In addition, people are persecuted and in many cases forced to flee. The persecution also goes back to the incitement of radical Buddhist monks.

In 2015, thousands of them wandered the sea on ships for months, with no land offering them refuge.

Religious affiliation

  • 89% Theravada Buddhists
  • 4% Christians
  • 4% Muslim
  • 5% Hindus
  • 5% followers of natural religions
  • as well as some Confucians

National languages

The language spoken by 70% of the population is Burmese. Arakenesian, Chin, Mon, Karen and Shan are also spoken.

Capital and other cities

Since the new constitution came into force on January 31, 2011, the capital of Myanmar has been Nay Pyi Taw with around 100,000 residents. According to Abbreviation Finder, MMR stands for Myanmar in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

Rangoon (Yangon) with approx. 6.5 million residents in the agglomeration.

Mandalay with around 750,000 residents

Pathein with around 370,000 residents

Mawlamaying with around 310,000 residents

Bagan, the largely uninhabited city of a thousand temples.

Myanmar: geography

Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia on the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea, between Thailand and Bangladesh. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Myanmar.


Area and land use

Myanmar has a central plain, which is surrounded by partly steep mountains. It is in Southeast Asia.

Myanmar covers a total area of 678,5277 km².


  • ForestAround 49% of the country is forested.About 14% of this is teak forest.
  • Meadow, pasture landAround 0.5% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Arable land and fieldsAround 15% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing rice.

National borders

Myanmar borders on five countries:

People’s Republic of China with a border length of around 2,185 km,

Thailand with a length of around 1,800 km,

India with a length of around 1,460 km,

Bangladesh with a length of around 195 km,

Laos with a length of around 235 km.


Myanmar has a sea coast with a length of around 1,930 km.

Longitude and latitude

Myanmar extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 09 ° 58 ‘to 28 ° 31’ north latitude Δλ = 092 ° 10 ‘to 101 ° 11’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Myanmar, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δ t (CET) = 5.5 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest sun in Yangon (Rangoon)

Yangon lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 17 °. If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 17 ° N, and thus the image point of the sun is exactly above the city or island, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 25 days before June 21st and 25 days after June 21st.


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Yangon, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.


Hkakabo Razi

The highest mountain in the country is the Hkakabo Razi with a height of 5,881 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Hpunhpuwith an altitude of 3,480 m
  • Bumba Bumwith a height of 3,411 m
  • Falamwith a height of 2,564 m.

Rivers, Ayeyarwaddy

Ayeyarwaddy (Irawadi, also Irrawaddy)

The longest river in the country is the Ayeyarwaddy (Irawadi), which is partly also the border river to Thailand, with a length of around 2,170 km. Mandalay is located on the river.

The river runs from north to south and flows into the Indian Ocean and the Andaman Sea by means of a nine-armed delta, also called the Strait of Mandalay.

Other rivers in the country are:

Chindwin The

840 km long river arises from a series of headwaters and flows into the Irrawaddy near the city of Myingyan.

Uyu Chaung

The Uyu Chaung is a kilometer long tributary of the Chindwin River. The source of the river is in the Hukawng Valley of the Kachin State and flows into the Chindwin at Homalin in the Sagaing Division.


The Salween is an approximately 2,850 km long river that has its source in the Tanggula Mountains in Tibet, flows through Myanmar and Thailand and flows into the Andaman Sea at Mawlamyaing in Myanmar.


The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes, including sin:.

Lake Indawgyi

The largest lake is Lake Indawgyi in Kachin State with an area of around 260 km² (= 100 square miles).

Other larger lakes are:

Inle Lake

Inle Lake is located in the Shan Mountains and covers an area of around 120 km² – with a maximum depth during the dry season of less than 4 m.

Taungthaman Lake

Taungthaman Lake is located near Amarapura. It is crossed by the U Bein Bridge near Amarapura.

This pedestrian bridge, completed in 1850, is 1.2 km long and is considered the oldest and longest teak bridge in the world.


  • Cheduba Island
  • Boronga Island
  • Kadan Kyun
  • Kanmaw Kyun
  • Moscos Island

In the south of the country on the border with Thailand lies the Mengui Archipelago, which is made up of a large number of islands.

Andaman Sea

The Andaman Sea or Andaman Sea is a marginal sea of the Indian Ocean. The Andaman Sea extends roughly from the Irrawaddy river delta in Myanmar in the north over a length of around 1,200 km to the start of the Strait of Malacca. In the west it is bounded by the Cocos Islands, the Andamans and the Nicobar Islands. It covers an area of around km² with a maximum depth of around 4,180 m. The water temperature on the surface of the lake fluctuates between 27.5 °C in winter and 30 °C in summer.

The Andaman Sea became famous not least because of the Tsuma of December 26, 2004, which resulted in numerous deaths in Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, the offshore western islands (Andamans and Nicobar Islands) and Sumatra. Probably over 230,000 in all affected countries combined.

Myanmar Population