Palau Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Palau Population, cities


According to Countryaah website, Palau has around 22,000 residents.

Ethnic groups

Around 70% of the population are Palau, 28% Asians and around 2% are Caucasian, i.e. white.


Around two thirds of the residents are Catholics and Protestants, while around one third practice the local fashion kngei religion.


English and Palaui are spoken in Palau.


The capital of Palau is Melekeok on October 7, 2006. According to Abbreviation Finder, PLW stands for Palau in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

This replaced Koror as the capital of Palau. The city has so far only about 1,600 residents, whereas Koror has about 12,300 residents.

Palau: Geography and Map

The state of Palau consists of a total of 20 larger and a number of smaller islands, of which only nine are inhabited with a total area of 500 km². The length of the coast to the ocean is around 1.50 km². Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Palau.

The islands are volcanic or coral islands. The main islands are:

  • Babeldaob, which is the largest island in the archipelago with an area of 365 km².
  • Koror
  • Nguterabel
  • Mecherchar
  • Beliliou


On November 7, 2013, typhoon “Haiyan” (category 5) hit the island of Kayangel in the 6 km² atoll of the same name. All 69 residents of the atoll could hide in the stone administration building of the island and survive the typhoon here. He met the Philippines a day later and wreaked havoc there too.

Tidal range in Palau

In Palau, the mean tidal range is around 1 to 2 m.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Palau is roughly at the following latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = about 7 ° 30 ‘north latitude. Δλ = about 133 ° 30′ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical longitude and latitude.

Legal time

For Palau, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = + 8 h

More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Palau

A latitude of φ = 7.5 ° N on Palau is considered.

If the sun or its pixel is exactly at 7.5 ° N, the sun is exactly vertical at noon. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 29 days after March 21st and 29 days before September 21st.


If the image point of the sun (declination) is north of a latitude of 7.5 ° N, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. The sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.


Mount Ngerchelchuus

The highest point in the country is Mount Ngerchelchuus with a height of 242 m.

rivers and lakes

Ngermeskang River

The Ngermeskang River on Babeldaob is the longest river on the islands.

Tabecheding River

Another river is the Tabecheding River. He is also on Babeldaob.

Lake Ngardok

The largest lake is Lake Ngardok on the island of Babeldaob. It is one of the few freshwater lakes in Micronesia and with a size of 493 hectares it is also the largest freshwater lake in Micronesia.

Other lakes are:

  • Jellyfish Lake in the Rock Islands
  • Eil Malk, on the Rock Islands: It is a warm water lake with a temperature of about 37.5 degrees.

The Pacific

With a total coast length of 1,520 km, Palau borders the Pacific Ocean – more precisely, Palau is located in the South Pacific, the so-called South Pacific. This region of the Pacific Ocean includes the Polynesian Islands as well as parts of Melanesia and Micronesia.

Palau Population