Qatar Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Qatar: population, cities


According to Countryaah website, Qatar has around 1.7 million residents, of which only around 15% are Qatar.

Ethnic composition

Of the population of Qatar, only about 15% are Qatar. The other residents are Pakistani, Iranians, Indians, Thais, Filipinos, Egyptians, Jordanians, and Syrians.

The residents of the country can be roughly divided into three groups:

1. The very rich and influential citizens of Qatar

2. The very qualified foreign countries – mostly from Europe and the USA, who often earn a lot of money in leading positions

3. The numerous domestic helpers, Construction workers, cleaners or taxi drivers.


The Islam is the state religion in Qatar. In addition, there are around 6% Christians with a certain legal status.

National languages

The national language in Qatar is Arabic. English is also widely spoken and considered the general language of business.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Qatar is Doha with around 1 million residents in the metropolitan area. The 17th World Athletics Championships took place here from September 27 to October 6, 2019. According to Abbreviation Finder, QAT stands for Qatar in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym. Other cities are:

  • Ar-Rayyan with around 395,000 residents
  • Al-Wakrah with around 27,000 residents
  • Umm Salal Muhamma’d with around 25,500 residents

Qatar: map, geography

Area and land use

Qatar is a state in the northeast of the “Arabian Peninsula” and has a coast to the Persian Arabian Gulf. The relatively small country is approx. 180 km long and 80 km wide. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Qatar.

Qatar is largely covered by a scree and gravel desert.

The Jebel Dukhan range of hills runs over 50 km in the west of the country. In the south of the country there are sand dunes up to 40 m high. The peninsula is almost completely surrounded by coral reefs and in the southeast of the country is the large sea lagoon Khor al Udaid.

Qatar covers an area of 11,500 km².


  • Qatar desert is mainly covered by rubble and gravel desert.
  • Fields and fieldsAbout 5% of Qatar’s land area is artificially irrigated and can therefore be used for agriculture.

National borders

Qatar has a border with Saudi Arabia with a length of 60 km. The distance to Bahrain, which is west or northwest of Qatar, is 25 km at the shortest point.


Qatar has a coast to the Persian Gulf with a length of around 565 km.

Tidal range

In Doha the mean tidal range is only around 0.5 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Qatar extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 24 ° 30 ‘to 26 ° 08’ north latitude Δλ = from 050 ° 45 ‘to 051 ° 38’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude

Legal time

For Qatar, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without daylight saving time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = + 2 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest level of the sun in Doha

Doha is located at a northern latitude of around φ = 25 ° and thus only just outside the tropical area.

If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Doha, on June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

25 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 88.5 °

This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that the sun takes in Dohar within the year.


Jebel Dukhan

In the west of the country, the Jebel Dukhan range of hills runs 50 km in length and rises to a height of 110 m.


The following small islands are offshore:

  • Al-Aliya Island
  • Al-Safliya Island

Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf – also known here and there as the Arabian Gulf – lies between Iran, Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula. It covers an area of 235,000 km² – with a maximum depth of around 100 m and a water content of around 6,000 km³.

In the south it goes over the less than approx. 60 km wide and strategically very important Strait from Hormuz into the Gulf of Oman and then into the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. In addition to Qatar, the Persian Gulf also includes the following countries: Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The inflow of “fresh water” takes place via the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers – the Shatt al-Arab – on the border between Iraq and Iran.

Qatar Population