Romania Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Romania: population and cities



According to Countryaah website, Romania has a total of around 21.4 million residents.

Ethnic composition

In Romania there are 85.5% Romanians as well as Hungarians, Roma, Ukrainians and Serbs.

Religious affiliation

In Romania there are 87% Orthodox Christians as well as Catholics, Protestants (see: Christianity), Judaism and followers of other religions.

National language

In Romania Romanian is spoken, in Transylvania also Hungarian and German.

Capital and other cities

The capital of Romania is Bucharest with a population of around 1.7 million. According to Abbreviation Finder, ROM stands for Romania in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

  • Iasi with around 350,000 residents
  • Cluj-Napoca with around 330,000 residents
  • Timisoara with around 335,000 residents
  • Craiova with around 300,000 residents
  • Constanta with around 350,000 residents
  • Galati with around 325,000 residents
  • Brasov with around 325,000 residents

Romania: geography, general map

National borders

Romania has a common border with a total of five countries:

  • Bulgaria with a length of around 608 km,
  • Hungary with a length of around 443 km,
  • Moldova with a length of around 450 km,
  • Serbia and Montenegro with a length of around 476 km
  • Ukraine with a length of around 431 km.

The coast to the Black Sea covers a length of around 225 km. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Romania.

Area and land use

Romania covers a total area of 237,500 km2.


  • ForestAround 25% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 20% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land
  • Fields and fieldsAround 40% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing grain, wine, potatoes and sugar beet.
  • SwampThe Danube Delta with tributaries and lakes covers 5,600 km2. The swamp area is home to numerous animal and plant species.
  • MountainsThe high mountains of the Carpathian Mountains extend over large parts of Romania.

Tidal range on the Black Sea

The mean tidal range on the Black Sea is only a few decimeters.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


Incidentally, the world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Romania extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 43 ° 37 ‘to 48 ° 15’ north latitude Δλ = from 20 ° 15 ‘to 29 ° 41’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Romania, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = +1 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest point of the sun in Bucharest

Bucharest lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 44.5 ° (exactly: 44 ° 30 ‘). If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Bucharest, this is the 21st. June. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

44.5 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 69 °

At 69 °, the sun is at the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (precisely: above the horizon).



The highest mountain in the country is the Moldoveanu with a height of 2,544 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Negoiu with a height of 2,535 m
  • Parîngu Mare with a height of 2,518 m
  • Peleaga with a height of 2,509 m
  • Omul with a height of 2,505 m

Rivers, Danube


The longest river in the country is the Danube with a length in the country of around 1,075 km and a total length of 2,888 km. It rises in Germany in the Black Forest. At Donaueschingen, the Brigach and the Breg flow together and form the Danube from there on. At 48 km, the Breg is the longer of the two source rivers and rises at an altitude of 1,078 m near the Martinskapelle near Furtwangen in the southern Black Forest. From here to the mouth of the Danube in the Black Sea, its length is 2,888 km. The second source river, the Brigach, has its source in the Brigach Valley near St. Gallen, also in the southern Black Forest. It is 42.7 km long to the confluence.

The mouth of the Danube is located in Romania in the Danube Delta. The biosphere reserve at the mouth of the Danube consists of a myriad of islands and swamps. It is one of the largest biosphere reserves in Europe – the local fauna is correspondingly diverse. Around 300 species of birds are native here, for example, but also many species of fish. There is even the now rare sturgeon, whose roe forms the expensive caviar. The reserve was added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 1991. Other rivers in the country are:

  • Pruth with a length of around 953 km
  • Mures with a total length in Romania and Hungary of 766 km
  • Olt with a length of around 699 km
  • Somes with a total length in Romania and Hungary of 465 km
  • Tamis with a total length in Romania and Serbia of 359 km
  • Arges
  • Kiliaarm


Razelm Lake

The largest lake in Romania is Razelm Lake, a lagoon of the Black Sea.

Zmeica Lake, Sinoe Lake.

Other larger lakes and lagoons are Lake Zmeica and Lake Sinoe.

Black Sea

Romania borders the Black Sea with a length of around 225 km.

Romania Population