San Marino Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

San Marino Population, cities



According to Countryaah website, San Marino has around 32,500 residents. The residents are referred to as San Marines.

Ethnic composition

The country’s residents are of Italian origin. In addition, around 12% Italians live in San Marino.


About 95% of the population are Roman Catholic Christians. The rest are non-denominational or belong to other religious communities.

National languages

Italian is the official language of San Marino. The colloquial language, an Italian dialect, is called Romagnol.

Capital and other cities

The capital of San Marino is San Marino city with around 4,250 residents. According to Abbreviation Finder, SMR stands for San Marino in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other bigger places are:

  • Serravalle with almost 10,000 residents,
  • Borgo Maggiore with around 6,000 residents,
  • Domagnano with around 3,000 residents.

San Marino geography

National borders

San Marino is located in Italy, the length of the common border is around 40 km. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of San Marino.


The Republic of San Marino is an inland dwarf state surrounded by Italy.

San Marina Città – the capital of the state – is located a little less than 20 km southwest of Rimini and thus from the Adriatic coast.

The landscape of San Marino is mostly hilly.

Area and national border

San Marino covers an area of 60.57 km².


  • Fields and fieldsAround 17% of the land is used as arable land or fields, particularly for growing grain, wine, olives and fruit.

San Marino is located in the middle of Italy, the length of the common border is around 40 km.

Longitude and latitude

San Marino extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 43 ° to 43 ° 54 ‘north latitude Δλ = from 12 ° 24′ to 12 ° 31 ‘east longitude

For details, see Longitude and Latitude.


For San Marino the following value applies to Central European Time (CET). A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = + 1 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in San Marino Città

San Marino lies on a mean north latitude of 43.5 °.

When the sun or its image point is at the tropic of the tropics, i.e. at = 23.5 °, summer begins in San Marino, on June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun, general): (see position of the sun).

43.5 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 70 °

This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that the sun has within the year in San Marino.


Monte Titano

The highest mountain in San Marino is Monte Titano with a height of 749 m.


Rio San Marino

The river flows in the southwest from Italy to San Marino and a little later forms the border with Italy for a few kilometers in the northwest of San Marino. It rises in Italy and flows into the in Italy

Rio Marano

The river rises and flows through the country before it flows into Italy in

Rio Ausa

The approx. 17 km long river Ausa rises at Monte Titano in San Marino and leaves the country in the northwest at the place Dogana and flows shortly afterwards at Rimini into the Adriatic Sea.

Rio Fiumicello

The river Fiumicello has its source in the territory of the state of San Marino and flows into the


The river has its source in Tuscany and after a distance of about 70 km it flows into the Adriatic at Rimini.

San Marino Population