Singapore Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Singapore: population, cities


According to Countryaah website, Singapore has around 5.5 million residents.

Ethnic composition

Chinese descent: around 77%

Malay descent: around 14%

Indian ancestry: around 8%

Others: around 1%


affiliation Buddhists around 43%, Muslims 15%, Taoists 8%, Hindus 4%, Catholics 5%, other Christians 10%, other religions 1%, atheists 14%

National language

The four official languages are: English, Chinese (Mandarin), Tamil and Malay.

Singapore’s population is multilingual. Almost everyone speaks English alongside their mother tongue.

Many even speak more than two languages!

Multicultural Singapore

Singapore is a melting pot of diverse cultures. The state has largely succeeded

in creating a great deal of equality between the various groups through laws, public housing, the educational program and conscription. It is also promoted when getting married, as the newly wed couple receives an apartment with a welcome bonus as a cash gift. The background is that the current birth rate is only 1.29 children per woman (2008).

The largest ethnic groups even have their own city districts. These are, for example, “Chinatown” or “Little India”. With their temples and mosques it is worth a visit!

The religious influence is not only reflected in the architecture, but also in the food.


The capital of the city-state is Singapore and is identical to the state. According to Abbreviation Finder, SGP stands for Singapore in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Singapore: geography, map

Singapore is located south of Malaysia, the southernmost state on the Asian mainland, on the infamous Strait of Malacca. The city-state covers an area of around 712.4 km². This area is expected to grow to 800 km² by 2030 through land reclamation measures. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Singapore.


  • ForestAround 5% of the country is forested.
  • Arable land and fieldsAround 3% of the land is used as arable land or fields.
  • Built-up areasAround 92% of the country is built-up.

National borders, length of coast

Due to its island location, Singapore has no direct land borders.

The neighboring countries are Malaysia and Indonesia, which are separated from Singapore by the South China Sea and the Gulf of Singapore. Singapore has a sea coast with a length of around 193 km.

Longitude and latitude

Singapore is roughly at the following latitude (abbreviation φ) and longitude (abbreviation λ):

φ = around 01 ° north latitude λ = around 104 ° east longitude

This means that the country is in the tropics and almost on the equator.

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Singapore, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = + 7 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Singapore

Singapore lies at a north latitude of around φ = 01 ° and is therefore almost on the equator. If the declination δ of the sun has a value of around 01 °, and so the image point of the sun is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 4 days after March 21st and 4 days before September 21st.


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Singapore, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.

Highest elevation


The highest point in the country is the Timah with a height of 166 m.



The longest river in the country is the Seletar with a length of only around 15 km.


There are no natural lakes in Singapore, but there are a number of artificial water reservoirs.


Singapore consists of the main island and 63 other smaller islands, such as:

  • Bukum
  • Tekong
  • Ubin
  • Sentosa

Johor Street, Strait of Singapore

Johor Street

Singapore is located south of Johor Street, which separates Malaysia from Singapore. The Strait of Johor has an average width of about one kilometer.

Strait of Singapore

The Strait of Singapore connects the Strait of Malacca with the South China Sea. It also separates the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Singapore from the Indonesian Riau Islands.

It has a length of around 105 km and a width of 20 km.

Singapore Population