Slovakia Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Slovakia: population, cities



According to Countryaah website, Slovakia has a total of about 5.4 million residents.

Ethnic composition

Approx. 4,615,000 Slovaks, approx. 521,000 Hungarians, approx. 90,000 Roma, approx. 44,600 Czechs, approx. 24,000 Rhutians, approx. 11,000 Ukrainians, approx. 5,400 Carpathian Germans, approx. 2,600 Poles, approx. 2,300 Moravia and approx. 900 Croats.


affiliation Approx. 68.9% belong to the Roman Catholic Church, approx. 10.1% are Protestant, approx. 4.1% are Greek Catholics, approx. 0.7% are Orthodox and approx. 2.3% are belong to other religions.

National language

The national language of Slovakia is Slovak. Minority languages include Hungarian and Czech.

Capital and other cities

The capital of Slovakia is Bratislava (Pressburg) with a population of approx. 413,200. According to Abbreviation Finder, SVK stands for Slovakia in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities:

  • Košice with around 235,000 residents
  • Prešov with around 92,000 residents,
  • Nitra with around 86,000 residents,
  • Žilina with around 85,000 residents.

Slovakia: geography, map

Slovakia covers an area of 49,034 km². Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Slovakia. Thereof:

  • ForestAround 41% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 17% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 31% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing grain, rapeseed and sugar beet.

The Slovakia with the following five states have a common border:

  • Austria with a length of around 91 km,
  • Poland with a length of around 444 km,
  • Czech Republic with a length of around 215 km,
  • Hungary with a length of around 515 km,
  • Ukraine with a length of around 90 km.

Longitude and latitude

Slovakia extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 47º to 49º south. Δλ = from around 17º to 23º east

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.


Central European Time (CET) applies in Slovakia.

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Bratislava

Bratislava lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 48 °.

If the sun, or its image point, is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Bratislava, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

48 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 65.5 °

At 65.5 °, the sun in Bratislava has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).

Mountains, Gerlsdorfer Spitze

The Tatras is a mountain range in the Carpathian Mountains. The majority is in Slovakia, a small part is in Poland. In addition, the mountain ranges Small Carpathians, White Carpathians, West Beskids with Dukla and Jablunka passes, the Slovak Ore Mountains and the Slovak Mountains belong to the mountains of Slovakia

Gerlsdorfer Spitze

The highest mountain in the country is the Gerlach also called Gerlsdorfer Spitze with a height of 2,654 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Dumbier with a height of 2,043 m.
  • Zlatý stôl with a height of 1,322 m.
  • Stolica with a height of 1,476 m.



The longest river in the country is the Waag (Váh) with a length of around 400 km.

Other rivers:

  • Danube with a length of around 170 km in Slovakia.
  • Morava (March) with a length of around 114 km in Slovakia.
  • Nitra (Neutra) with a length of around 197 km
  • Hron (Gran) with a length of around 298 km.



The country includes some reservoirs. The largest lake is the Orava with an area of about 35 km².

Slovakia Population