Slovenia Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Slovenia Population, cities



According to Countryaah website, Slovenia has a total of around 2.1 million residents.

Ethnic composition

Approx. 88% of Slovenians live in Slovenia, as well as Italians, Hungarians, Croats, Serbs/Montenegrins, Bosnians, Macedonians, Albanians and Roma.

Religious affiliation

In Slovenia mainly Catholics live, alongside Protestants and Serbian Orthodox, approx. 1% Muslims and 16% Jews and others

National languages

The official language in Slovenia is Slovenian.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Slovenia is Ljubljana with around 280,000 residents. According to Abbreviation Finder, SLO stands for Slovenia in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Slovenia: geography

National borders and length of coast

Slovenia shares a border with:

  • Austria with a length of 330 km,
  • Italy with a length of 280 km,
  • Hungary with a length of 102 km,
  • Croatia with a length of 670 km.

Its coastline to the Mediterranean Sea is less than 50 km. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Slovenia.


General overview

The small country of Slovenia is geographically in the heart of Europe. The landscape of Slovenia is extremely varied. In the west is the coast to the Adriatic Sea, in the northwest the land rises to the high alpine region. About a third of the country’s area is covered by the Southern Alps.

Slovenia is divided into seven regions:


The high alpine region in the northwest with the Julian Alps and Steiner Alps as well as the Karawanken

Koroska, Stajerska

With the Pohorje Mountains

Prekmuje, Primorska

Along the Slovenian coast

Notranjska and Dolenjska.

Area and land use

Slovenia covers an area of 20,273 km².


  • ForestAround 55% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 30% of the area of Slovenia is used as pasture land
  • Arable land and fieldsAbout 8.6% of the area of Slovenia is used as arable land. The main crops are potatoes, corn, hops, wheat, wine and fruit.
  • SwampThere are still numerous peat bogs in the Pohorje area.
  • MountainsThe Julian Alps dominate the country’s landscape and form the natural border between Italy and Slovenia. In the north, the Karawanken, a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps, stretch between Austria and Slovenia. The low mountain range of Slovenia is called Pohorje, the plateaus of which are densely overgrown with coniferous forest.

National borders

Slovenia shares a border with:

  • Austria with a length of 330 km,
  • Italy with a length of 280 km,
  • Hungary with a length of 102 km,
  • Croatia with a length of 670 km.


Slovenia has a coastline to the Mediterranean Sea with a length of less than 50 km. This is also where the country’s only port city is located, the city of Koper with around 25,000 residents.

Tidal range

In Izola the mean tidal range is only around 0.3 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Slovenia extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 45 ° to 47 ° north latitude Δλ = from 013 ° to 017 ° east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

In Slovenia, Central European Time (CET) applies without summer time, i.e. the same time as in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Ljubljana

Ljubljana is located at a north latitude of around φ = 46 °

If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Ljubljana, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

46 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 67.5 °

Thus, with a height of 67.5 ° on June 21 in Ljubljana, the sun has the highest level of the whole year.

Mountains, Triglav


The highest mountain is the Triglav im with a height of 2,863 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Skrlatica with a height of 2,740 m
  • Mangart with a height of 2,679 m
  • Jalovec with a height of 2,645 m

Rivers, Save, Drava


The longest river in the country is the Save with a total length of around 945 km. The river arises in Slovenia from Wurzener Save and Wocheiner Save near the 6,000-resident town of Radovljica near the border triangle of Slovenia, Italy and Austria. The Save flows into the Danube near Belgrade in Serbia. In addition to Belgrade, Zagreb in Croatia is a large city on the river. In addition to Slovenia, the Save also flows through Bosnia, Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia.


The Drau has a total length of 750 km. Its source is in the small town of San Candido in South Tyrol/Italy. It flows into the Danube near Osijek in Croatia. In addition to Slovenia, the river also flows through South Tyrol (Italy), the federal states of Tyrol and Carinthia in Austria as well as Croatia and Hungary. The larger Slovenian cities of Maribur and Ptuj lie on the Drava.


The Mur has a total length of 455 km. It rises in Austria in the Radstätter Tauern and flows through the capital of the Austrian state of Styria-Graz. It flows into the Drava at Legrad in northern Croatia near the border with Hungary. Along with Slovenia and Austria, it also flows through Croatia.


Lake Bohinj

The largest glacial lake in the country is Lake Bohinj in the Julian Alps.

Triglav lakes, Blejsko lake

Other large lakes are the seven Triglav lakes and Blejsko lake.

Adriatic, Mediterranean

Slovenia lies on the Adriatic Sea, part of the Mediterranean Sea, with a coastline of a little less than 50 km.

You can find a detailed description of the Adriatic at Goruma under the following.

Slovenia Population