Switzerland Economy and History

By | November 6, 2021

ECONOMY

In the sec. XIX, the results achieved by technological progress created the conditions for starting the process of enhancing what the country could offer. An excellent road and rail network was built, so as to strengthen internal and international traffic and facilitate trade; at the same time numerous hydroelectric plants were created; thanks to the wide availability of energy on a large scale, industries were established, which specialized in very high quality and high added value processing (just think of the famous and typically Swiss watch industry) and which soon became a formidable economic structure, making Switzerland one of the richest and most economically advanced countries. Since the 1990s, the country has had to face unusual internal problems, such as unemployment and public debt, but it has emerged brilliantly, returning in 2000 to high levels of economic growth, reducing inflation and unemployment. Companies like UBS, the country had to face unusual internal problems, such as unemployment and public debt, but it came out of it brilliantly, returning in 2000 to high levels of economic growth, reducing inflation and unemployment. Companies like UBS, the country had to face unusual internal problems, such as unemployment and public debt, but it came out of it brilliantly, returning in 2000 to high levels of economic growth, reducing inflation and unemployment. Companies like UBS, Crédit Suisse, Roche, Nestlé and Novartis are still global giants in the fields of finance, insurance products and industry. As regards foreign direct investment, Switzerland mainly attracts flows from the United States, the Netherlands and Germany, with a prevalence in the finance sector.

In turn, according to Physicscat, Switzerland makes investments in the United States itself and in various EU countries, with a prevalence of the financial sector. The question of the entry of the Swiss Confederation into the EU still remains open: despite the opinion expressed by the majority of voters in favor of strengthening these ties (referendum 21 May 2000), a new referendum on 4 March 2001 rejected the proposal to start negotiations for a formal entry into the Union immediately. For now, the government has limited itself to approving seven bilateral agreements to facilitate trade and the circulation of people and goods (ratified in a referendum of 5 June 2005). Despite the emergence and emergence of new financial centers, Switzerland remains the safe of world capitalism: thanks to internal social and governmental stability and a foreign policy of neutrality and non-alignment, Switzerland has become a sort of colossal bank delegated to host the money of world capitalism, so much so that it has been included in the list of tax havens. Precisely to mitigate the conflict with neighboring countries and prevent commercial retaliation policies, from 1 July 2005, on the basis of an agreement signed with the EU, Switzerland undertakes to progressively tax certain types of deposits and investments of non-resident citizens.. These taxes will then be paid to the respective EU countries. on the basis of an agreement signed with the EU, Switzerland undertakes to progressively tax certain types of deposits and investments of non-resident citizens. These taxes will then be paid to the respective EU countries. on the basis of an agreement signed with the EU, Switzerland undertakes to progressively tax certain types of deposits and investments of non-resident citizens. These taxes will then be paid to the respective EU countries.

PREHISTORY

Occupied for most of the Pleistocene by glacial masses, the Swiss territory does not abound in evidence ascribable to the most ancient times. The industries found in the Cotencher cave in the Swiss Jura, where a fragment of Neanderthal jaw was also found, date back to the Mousterian. Numerous caves and open-air sites with levels of attendance of the upper and final Magdalenian are known in the basin of the river Birse, in Champreveyres (Canton of Neuchâthel), in Kesserloch near Schaffhausen, where important exhibitions of furniture art are also known, in Moosbuhl near Bern (C14: 12.060-11.180 BC ca.), in Olten in the Aare valley, in Rislisberghöhle near Ensingen (C14: 11.860 BC ca.) etc. A long sequence with levels of the final Magdalenian, the Azilian, the final phases of the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age was brought to light in the shelter of La Cure (Canton of Vaud). The results of research in Valais are also of particular importance, especially in the Sionarea, in the locality of Planta. They have made it possible to locate the oldest Neolithic settlement, with many remains of goats and sheep in the domestic fauna, which would testify to a colonization of Switzerland as early as the first half of the fifth millennium BC. C. The necropolis of Petit-Chasseur, on the other hand, is a fundamental site for understanding the passage between the Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age in the Alpine massif and how metallurgy was introduced in southern Switzerland. Particularly important, in the context of the necropolis with megalithic burials, are the anthropomorphic steles with rich decorations, among which an older group that is linked to the contemporary Italian Eneolithic manifestations and a more recent one, associated with bell-shaped materials, stands out. The Bronze Age saw the presence of two distinct cultural groups, that of the highlands and that of the Alpine region. These groups in the course of the following centuries would have influenced each other and would have provided a notable contribution to the cultures that were developing in central Europe, mainly those of the mounds and the urn fields. With the’ Iron Age Switzerland falls into the area of ​​diffusion before the Hallstatt civilization and then that of La Tène, which brings us to the dawn of historical times.

Switzerland PreHistory