Tag Archives: Afghanistan

Herein are located: the Gol Koeh (Seamountain) near Ghasni to 4530 M., moreover in the east the Logar chain, along which the Kabul flows. Where in the west the immense Koeh-i-Baba rises to a height of 5140 m, one can reckon that the actual Hindu Kush ends and begins a mountain range with a purely alpine character. These mountains, situated on either side of the main river, the Heri-Roed, are still called by the ancient Greek name Paropamisus. Parallel thereto runs north of the Murghab, the Bend-i-Turkestan (3500 M.). On the border of Afghanistan and British India, a little-explored mountain range, the Sefid Koeh (White Mountain), rises almost to the height of Mont Blanc. The East-West oriented chains do indicate that we are probably dealing here with a completely separate mountain range, yet it forms a transition to the Logar range of the Hindu Kush, to the Hasara mountains of the Himalayas, to the frontier, the Soliman range, in the south. This has a remarkable, precisely meridional direction, but soon passes over to Indian territory. Only along the Kabul River is a suitable crossing point from India over the border mountains to A. and Russian Asia. Here is the much contested Khaibar Pass, of which the city of Kabul is the key. The great triangle, of which Hindu-Kush is one leg, Sefid Koeh and Soliman chain the other leg, is a plateau, part of the plateau of Iran. It is intersected by numerous chains running south-west, enclosing small plateaus intersected by numerous rivers. Most of these merge into the Hilmend, which flows through the flat, sandy, south-western part of Afghanistan. See countryvv for Afghanistan Labor Market.

Afghanistan Population, Main Cities and Geography

Afghanistan: population, cities Population Number According to Countryaah website, Afghanistan has about 30 million residents. Ethnic composition The ethnic composition of Afghanistan consists of approx. 38% Pashtuns, 25% Tajiks, 19% Hazara, 6% Uzbeks and 12% smaller ethnic groups (Turkmen, Baluchi, Nuristani etc.) Religious affiliation 99% of Afghans are Muslims (approx. 84% Sunnis and 15% Shiites).… Read More »