Tajikistan Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Tajikistan: population, cities


According to Countryaah website, Tajikistan had around 7.6 million residents in mid-2011.

Compare the

Federal Republic of Germany (81.9 million),

Austria (8.3 million), the

USA (314.2 million),

PR China (1.3 billion),

India (1.2 billion) and

Egypt with approx. 80.5 million residents.

Ethnic composition

Tajiks make up the main part of the population with approx. 80%; around 15% are Uzbeks; among the other ethnic groups there is a decreasing minority of European-Russian origin with a share of around 1%.

Religious affiliation

Islam (approx. 90% Sunnis, 5% Ismailis)

National languages

Tajik and Russian


The capital of Tajikistan is Dushanbe with a population of around 720,000. According to Abbreviation Finder, TJK stands for Tajikistan in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

Khujand with around 145,000 residents, Kuljab with around 79,000 residents, Kurgan-Tjube/Kurgonteppa with around 60,000 residents, Istaravshan with around 53,000 residents, and Kanibadam with around 50,000 residents.


New York (8 million) in the USA,

Sao Paulo (> 17 million) in Brazil,

Berlin (3.4 million) in Germany,

London (7.2 million) in England and Great Britain,

Beijing (City 6 million) in China,

Mexico City in Mexico, the most populous city on earth (over 20 million),

Tokyo (11.8 million) in Japan.

Tajikistan: geography

The Republic of Tajikistan is located in the south-eastern part of Central Asia. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Tajikistan.

Area and land use

Tajikistan covers a total area of 143,100 km².


  • ForestOnly around 3% of the country is forested.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 6% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing cotton, grain, vegetables and fruits.
  • MountainsAbout 93% of the Tajik area are high mountain areas. It’s the Pamir Mountains.

National borders

Tajikistan has borders with four states with a total length of around 3,000 km.

These are the limits to:

  • China with a length of around 430 km
  • Afghanistan with a length of around 1,030 km
  • Uzbekistan with a length of around 910 km
  • Kyrgyzstan with a length of around 630 km

Longitude and latitude

Tajikistan covers the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 36 ° to 41 ° north latitude Δλ = from 067 ° to 075 ° east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Tajikistan, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = + 4 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.


The highest mountain in the country is Pik Imeni Ismail Samani with a height of 7,495 m.

Another high mountain is Lenin Peak with a height of 7,134 m.


The longest river in the country is the Amu-Darja (part) with a length of around 2,540 km.

Other rivers in the country are:

  • The Syr Darja with a length of around 2,200 km
  • the Wachsch with a length of around 800 km
  • as well as the Piandsch and the Kofarnichon.


The largest lake is the Karakul with an area of around 380 km².

Tajikistan Population