Uzbekistan Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Uzbekistan: population, cities


According to Countryaah website, as of January 1, 2019, Uzbekistan had around 31.6 million residents.

Ethnic composition

In Uzbekistan there are around 100 peoples, of which around 75% are Uzbeks, 5% Russians, 5% Tajiks, 4% Tatars, 3% Kazakhs as well as Karakalpaks, Kyrgyz, Turkmen, Koreans, Ukrainians, Armenians and approx.


affiliation 88% of Uzbeks belong to Islam, mostly to the Sunni religious community. There are also Christians, Jews, Buddhists, followers of Bahaism and followers of the teachings of Krishna in Uzbekistan.

National languages

In Uzbekistan, both Uzbek and Russian are spoken.


The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent, with a population of around 2.4 million. According to Abbreviation Finder, SKD stands for Uzbekistan in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

Namangan with 376,600 residents, Samarkand with 362,300 residents, Andijon with 323,900 residents, Bukhara with 237,900 residents, Nukus with 199,000 residents, Qarshimit 197,600 residents and Khiva with around 30,000 residents.

Uzbekistan: geography, map

Uzbekistan is located in Central Asia between the Aral Sea and the Tian Shan and Hissar-Alaj mountains in Central Asia. The country covers an area of 447,000 km². Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Uzbekistan.


  • ForestAround 4.8% of the country is forested.
  • Meadows and pasture landAround 52% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • SteppeGolodnaya Steppe
  • Fields and fieldsAround 10% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing cotton, silk, grain, rice, vegetables and fruit.
  • DesertApproximately 80% of the area of Uzbekistan are deserts. They are the Kyzylkum Desert and the Karakum Desert.
  • MountainsIn Uzbekistan are the Tienschan Mountains and the Hissar-Alaj Mountains.

National borders

The Uzbek border is a total of 6,221 km long. It has a common border with a total of five countries:

  • Afghanistan with a length of around 137 km,
  • Kazakhstan with a length of around 2,203 km,
  • Kyrgyzstan with a length of around 1,099 km,
  • Tajikistan with a length of around 1,161 km,
  • Turkmenistan with a length of around 1,1621 km.

Longitude and latitude

Uzbekistan covers the following latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 37 ° to 45 ° north latitude, Δλ = from 056 ° to 073 ° east longitude.

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Uzbekistan, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = + 4 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Tashkent

Tashkent, the capital of the country, lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 41 ° (exactly: 41 ° 20 ‘).

If the sun, or its image point, is at the northern tropic, i.e. at Δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Tashkent, this is June 21. Thus, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

41 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 72.5 °

At 72.5 °, the sun in Tashkent has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).



The highest mountain in the country is the Manas with a height of 4,488 m.

Other high mountains:

  • Chod’za Pirjach with 4,424 m
  • Adelung with 4,311 m
  • Be’ster at 4,299 m
  • Agalytau with 4,218 m.


Amu (Amu Darya)

The longest river in the country is the Amu (Amu Darya) with a length of around 2,540 km.

Other rivers:

Syr Darya with a length of about 2,200 km.

Tschirtschik (Chirchiq) is the right tributary of the Syr Darya and has a length of about 155 km.


Aral Sea

The largest lake in Uzbekistan was the Aralsal Sea, belonging to Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, with a current area of approx. 8,500 km².

As a result of the drying up, the original lake has disintegrated into the Northern Aral Sea (4,500 km²), the almost tubular Western Aral Sea (4,000 km²) and the Barsakelmessee in between.

Ozero Aydarkul

Another large lake is the 3,600 km² large drainless Aydarsee (Ozero Aydarkul), which gets its water from a drainage of the Syrdarja.

Uzbekistan Population