Vietnam Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Vietnam: population and cities


According to Countryaah website, Vietnam has about 91.5 million residents. Over 70% of them live in the approximately 9,600 villages in the country. But also in Vietnam, especially the youth are increasingly drawn to the cities – and especially to the booming former Saigon and today’s Ho Chi Minh City.

Ethnic composition

  • around 86% Kinh, Vietnamese
  • around 2% Tay
  • around 1.5% Thais
  • around 1.5% Muong
  • around 1.5% Khome
  • around 1% Now
  • around 1% Hmong
  • around 45 others

Religious affiliation

  • around 9.5% Buddhists
  • around 6.5% Catholics
  • around 1.5% Hoa Hao
  • around 1% Cao Dai
  • around 0.5% Protestants
  • around 0.1% Muslims
  • around 80% non-religious

National language

Vietnamese is the official language.

English, French, Chinese, Khmer and other dialects are also spoken.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi, with a population of around 6.5 million. According to Abbreviation Finder, VNM stands for Vietnam in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other large cities are:

Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) with around 7 million residents, Haiphong with around 625,000. Residents

and Da Nang with around 500,000 residents. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Vietnam.

Vietnam: geography

Borders and coast

Vietnam shares borders with 3 countries, namely to:


Cambodia with a length of 1,228 km,

China with a length of 1,281 km,

Laos with a length of 2,130 km.

Vietnam has a coast to the Pacific Ocean with a length of around 3,444 km, excluding the coastline islands.


The following islands are in front of the country or belong elsewhere to the state:

Phu Quoc Island, which is also claimed by Cambodia, with an area of 1,320 km², Cat Ba Island with an area of 354 km² and the Paracell and Spratley -Islands.

Longitude and latitude

Vietnam extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 08 ° 36 ‘to 23 ° 20’ north latitude Δλ = from around 102 ° 10 ‘to 109 ° 25’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.


For Vietnam, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δ t (CET) = + 6 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Hanoi

Hanoi lies at a north latitude of around φ = 18 °.

If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 18 ° N, and so the image point of the sun is exactly above the city, the sun is positioned vertically. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 21 days before June 21st and 21 days after June 21st.


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Hanoi, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.

Area and land use

Vietnam covers an area of 326,797 km², of which:

  • approx. 20% flat land
  • approx. 40% mountains
  • about 40% hill country
  • around 40% of the country is covered with rainforest.


The highest mountain in the country is the Fan Si Pan with a height of 3,144 m.


The longest river in the country is the Mekong with a total length of around 4,400 km.

Other rivers in Vietnam are:

The Red River also called Hong Ha or Song Hong with a length of around 800 km.


The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes. The largest natural lake is the Ho Ba Be Lake with an area of about 10 km². The second largest lake is the Ho Tay in Hanoi.

Artificial lakes are

The Hoa Binh reservoir is the largest lake in the country with an area of approx. 250 km².

The Cam Son lake lies in the Bac Giang Provincz with an area of 26 square kilometers and 30 square kilometers during the rainy season.

The Dai Lai Lake has an area of 5.25 km².

Vietnam Population