The most interesting excursions in Argentina involve visiting natural attractions. But, of course, the first thing you will see when you arrive in Argentina will be its capital – Buenos Aires .
The city was founded in 1580 on the shores of La Plata Bay. Buenos Aires, unlike most cities in South America, is very similar to a European city – its streets are full of vibrant life. Its center is the Plaza de Mayo, the largest shopping area in the world.
There are many squares in Buenos Aires. On one of them – Plaza de la República – an obelisk was erected in honor of the declaration of independence of Argentina., on the Plaza del Congresso you can see a huge fountain and the Congress building, and on the Plaza Dorrego numerous antique shops have accumulated.
The main historical sights are located in the old district of La Boca, it is also worth seeing the oldest building in Buenos Aires – the Cabildo City Hall, now there is a museum, the Presidential Palace, better known as the “Pink House”, and, of course, the Catholic churches – El -Pilar, the Basilica of De Santo Domingo and the oldest church in the city, San Ignacio.
Fashion shops can be found along Santa Fe Street, while the San Telmo area has bars and restaurants. The Matadores area annually gathers thousands of tourists for the famous bullfight, and you can take a walk along the La Costañera promenade.
In Buenos Aires more than 100 museums, of which the most interesting are the Museum of Natural Sciences, the Museum of Fine Arts, the National Museum of Decorative Arts, the International Art Gallery, the Museum of Colonial Art, the Museum of Latin American Art, the Cinema Museum, the National Historical Museum and the Libra Museum.
According to Top-mba-universities, Cordoba is the second largest city in the country. It was founded in 1573. Now he is known for the University of San Carlos, which is the second university in South America. Also located in Cordoba is the Provincial Historical Museum, which locals consider the most important historical museum in Argentina. A little north of Cordoba, you can visit the Sierra Colorado Archaeological Park, where you can see ancient drawings and sacred places of the Indians.
Trips are arranged from Cordoba to the Argentinean steppe – Pampa. This is the birthplace of local cowboys “gauchos”. Most of the Indian population lives in the north of the region, where you can get acquainted with their way of life and culture.
San Antonio de Areco is an important livestock and agricultural center of Pampa with a huge number of farms. Each ranch in this settlement is a mansion built in the colonial style, where there is every opportunity for a wonderful holiday. Many farmers organize tours of their properties.
In Argentina, one of the highest waterfalls in the world Iguazu is located. It is located on the territory of the National Park of the same name on the borders of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay at the point where the Iguazu flows into the Parana. Iguazu Falls overthrows its waters from a height of 70 meters, but it is up to 4 km wide. Tours to the waterfall depart from the city of Puerto Iguazu, which is located 18 km from it. In general, the area of the Iguazu National Park is 55 thousand square meters. km. In this vast area, in addition to Iguazu Falls, there are about 300 more waterfalls. A very beautiful cascade of 14 waterfalls “Devil’s Throat”, through which the border with Brazil passes.
There are many hiking trails and iron bridges in the National Park, and a tourist train will take you to all the sights of the park. More than 2,000 species of various plants (giant trees, ferns, lianas, orchids), 400 species of birds (parrots, hummingbirds, toucans), jaguars, caimans and colorful butterflies are protected in these parts.
The northwest of the country is the land of majestic mountains and snow-capped volcanoes. It is here that the highest point of Argentina is located, and of the Western Hemisphere – Aconcagua (6959 m). The slopes of the mountains are covered with forests, where tourist routes are laid. In addition, in the foothills of the Andes, there are famous centers of winemaking, such as La Rioja and Chilecito. Around the town of Cafayat, extensive vineyards grow, from the grapes of which the famous white fruit wine Torrontes is produced.
The Andes are interesting not only for volcanoes, but also for lakes .. The most beautiful lakes are located within the national parks – Lanin and Nahuel Huapi. Ski resorts were built on their banks. The area of Lake Nahuel Huapi is 560 sq. km, it is of glacial origin, so the water here is crystal clear. All lakes in the highlands are great for fishing.
In the northwest of Argentina, in the foothills of the Andes, it is worth visiting the city of Salta . It was founded in 1582 at an altitude of 1190 m. The main attraction that tourists come to see are the statues of the Virgin Mary and Christ. They are kept in the San Francisco Cathedral. There is a belief that these statues cure diseases and even protect the city from earthquakes. From here, the “Train in the clouds” leaves daily for the Andes region, which reaches an altitude of 4200 m and passes through landscapes cut by canyons.
Patagonia is an endless plain that stretches out in the southern part of Argentina. It is known as a harsh region, and in fact, it is a semi-desert region, where only up to 100 mm of precipitation falls per year. After the recognition of Argentina English colonists came here as an independent republic, so the spirit of Scotland hovers in almost all settlements. The British conducted irrigation canals here and the semi-desert turned into a fertile region and now most of the territory of Patagonia is occupied by sheep farms and wheat fields.
In terms of tourism, this area is very interesting. Patagonia includes the Valdes Peninsula, which is located on the Atlantic coast of Argentina. The peninsula is famous for the fact that sea lions, fur seals and penguins live in the waters washing it, and giant whales come here in autumn.
In the west of Patagonia, at the foot of the Andes, on the shores of Lake Lago Argentino, is the village of Calafate. Excursions to the coastal glaciers of the far south depart from here.
In Patagonia, there is the lowest point in South America – Gran Bajo de San Julian (105 m below sea level). In the cave of De Las Manos Pintadas, the imprints of ancient people dating back to 7300 BC have been preserved. Also, excursions to farms are organized for tourists, where you can take horse rides in the surroundings.