Belmopan has been the capital of Belize since 1971. The decision to move the capital inland from the coastal city of Belize was made after a devastating hurricane in 1961 almost completely destroyed the city. Belmopan is favorably located in the very center of the country, where natural disasters do not occur. There are not so many attractions in Belmopan itself. A large number of parks were created here, the building of the National Assembly is interesting, which is part of a vast complex of government buildings, the Independence Monument, the Art Box craft exhibition, the City Museum and the Art Gallery. Guanacaste National Park is located 3.5 km from the capital, and Blue Hole National Park, 14 km south, guards the famous karst well and numerous caves. Belize The city of Belize is located on the Caribbean Sea, 80 km northeast of Belmopan. It was founded by European settlers at the end of the 18th century, at the mouth of the small Belize River, and until 1971 was the country’s capital. Now Belize is the commercial center of the country. There is an international airport, a large seaport, as well as embassies from around the world, banks, shops, restaurants and hotels.
According to Top-mba-universities, Belize.the old city is located in the northern part of Belize. It is separated from the new city by one of the branches of the mouth of the Belize River – Oulover, over which the Old Bridge drawbridge is thrown. It was built in 1923 and today is the only surviving manual drawbridge in the world.
In the Old City, it is worth looking at the Government House, which served in the 19th century as the residence of the British governor, the oldest Anglican church in Central America – St. John’s Cathedral – and take a walk along Battlefield Park. In the northern part of Belize, the Marine Terminal is located; Maritime Museum; shopping and entertainment center Tourism Village; Fort George, where the lighthouse stands; Memorial to Baron Victor Bliss, who, having visited the city, was so impressed that he left him a fortune; Memorial Park in honor of the memory of soldiers who died during the First World War, and the Museum of Belize , which presents a collection of exhibits that tell about the history of the Maya civilization. Belize Zoo is located 50 km west of Belize City , where 125 species of animals have found shelter, including jaguars, monkeys and the endangered species of tapir – the “mountain cow”. Nearby is the Community Babun Reserve., where howler monkeys, iguanas, jaguars, ocelots, cougars, Central American river turtles and more than 200 species of birds such as herons, ibises, swallows and small gray Bamboo chickens are protected.
Corozal was founded in 1849 in the north of the country on the shores of Chetumal Bay. The city is a flourishing center of the sugar industry and is surrounded on all sides by sugarcane plantations. Before the arrival of the Spaniards, this place was the capital of the Mayan province, which controlled the northern coast. Since then, numerous ruins of pre-Columbian ceremonial structures have remained in the vicinity of Corozal. In the center of the city there is a square on which the City Hall rises, and a green park is located nearby.
From Corozal you can go to the other side of the Chetumal Bay, where the Sarteneia Peninsula lies, covered with forests and swamps, and where the Shipstern Nature Reserve is located with 80 sq. km of rainforest and savannas.
The second major city in northern Belize is Orange Walk. It is believed that here are the most fertile soils in the country. Even the Maya Indians grew cocoa and maize on these lands. Tourists come here to see the ruins of the Indian cities of Cuello and the Lamanai Archaeological Reserve, as well as to go to the Rio Bravo del Norte and Crooked Tree reserves.
In the western part of the country at the foot of the Maya Mountains is the city of San Ignacio. It is built on seven hills on the left bank of the Makal River. San Ignacio is the starting point for traveling through the highlands of the southwest of the country, for exploring the wildlife of Belize in the Mountain Pine Ridge Forest Reserve, for rafting on mountain rivers and visiting the archaeological site of El Pilar.
The city of Dangriga is located on the Caribbean coast, in its central part. Dangriga is the capital of the Garifuna people, it is a real cultural center of Belize, where artists and artisans live. The Gulisi-Garifuna Museum was established in the city, which tells about the history and culture of the Garifuna people. In addition, Dangriga is famous for its beaches and opportunities for trips to the islands of the Barrier Reef. From Belmopane to Dangriga, the Hummingbird Highway passes through the Mayan mountains, forests and fruit plantations. The ride is truly breathtaking.