The twenty-six states of Brazil and the Federal District, where the capital of the country, Brasilia, is located, form five major regions, each of which is of particular interest to tourists: South, Southeast, Central West, Northeast and North.
According to Top-mba-universities, Brazil.the main “gateway” of the country for tourists arriving from the Northern Hemisphere is the Southeast.
Introduction to Brazil you can start with a tour of Rio – de – Janeiro. It includes: a visit to Sugarloaf Mountain, located in Guanabara Bay, which offers a magnificent view of Rio, Capacabana, the bay, mountains, islands in the ocean and the Niteroi Bridge. Next, an excursion to the Corcovado hill, on top of which rises the symbol of Rio – the statue of Christ the Savior. At the end – a sightseeing tour of the city. The most interesting museums of the city are the Museum of Modern Art (a collection of exhibits from many countries of the world), the National Museum (more than 4 million exhibits in geology, botany and anthropology), the Indian Museum, the Historical Museum, and the Art Museum.
Petropolis (from Rio de Janeiro). A popular place for its uniqueness in 90 min. drive from Rio, which is located on Mount Organ. Here you can still find horse-drawn convertibles driving through the cobbled streets. Visit to the Imperial Palace, where the jewels of the kings are kept in the local museum; a cathedral with the graves of members of the royal family and a square with a mini-zoo. This tour provides an opportunity to plunge into the history, traditions and customs of Brazil, where the culture of the Portuguese is intertwined with the life of the royal family.
Botanical Gardens (from Rio de Janeiro). The Botanical Garden presents a diverse flora of different climatic zones of Brazil, due to the fact that they were able to recreate the natural weather conditions for growing plants from different regions.
Boat trip to the tropical Bernardo Islands (from Rio de Janeiro). A full day trip to the tropical islands includes a trip along the coastal scenic road to the fishing village of Itacurusa with clean beaches and emerald waters, where a schooner will wait on which to cruise on the calm waters of Sepetiba Bay to the islands of Regente Feijo, San Bernardo. During stops, you can swim and take photos (a lunch buffet is included on one of the islands).
The south is the states of Parana, Santa Cataraina and Rio Grande do Sul. Residents of Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul) follow the traditions of the Brazilian cowboys “gaushos”. A significant part of the population are the descendants of Italian and German colonists, as well as Ukrainians and Russians, from whom they inherited very picturesque habits. The city of Florianopolis (State of Santa Catarina) is located on an island framed by dozens of beaches that attract tourists from all over the world, especially for surfing. The state of Parana offers tourists the unforgettable sight of the Iguazu Falls. Iguazu Falls – a real wonder of the world – Located on the border of 3 states – Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The Iguazu River separates Brazil from Argentina and flows into the Parana River, which separates Brazil from Paraguay – Waterfalls are located at the meeting point of the rivers, forming cascades of water. Huge whirlwinds of spray create a rainbow of extraordinary beauty. Most of the waterfalls are on the Argentine side, so the view from the Brazilian side is more impressive.
Return from the excursion on the funicular, from which you can observe the surroundings of the waterfall.
Helicopter tour over the Iguazu Falls. There are 2 types of helicopter tours lasting 15 and 30 minutes:
– during a short (15 min.) tour, a flight is made over the Iguazu Falls, capturing two of its parts – from Argentina and Brazil, including the famous Devil’s Throat. The helicopter flies around the waterfall quite low, which gives an excellent opportunity to see all the splendor of the raging natural elements.
– a longer excursion (30 min.) includes a flight around the world’s largest hydroelectric power plant with a dam, which is a joint project of Brazil and Paraguay. This flight is also interesting in that tourists simultaneously fly over the territories of 3 states: Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, which have a common border at the confluence of 2 rivers: Parana and Iguazu. During the flight from Paraguay to the Iguazu Falls helicopter flies over the famous Friendship Bridge.
Exotic bird park. The bird park occupies 4 hectares of virgin subtropical forests. Tourists are given the opportunity to visit a unique bird sanctuary where you can see birds in their natural habitat. More than 500 species of birds from different continents are represented in this park, some of them can be fed. Crocodiles, monkeys and other animals also live in the reserve.
The giant city of Sao Paulo is the largest industrial center not only in Brazil, but throughout Latin America. Externally Sao Paulo are skyscrapers, steel and glass. Here are 10 out of 11 automobile plants in the country, about 90% of mechanical engineering, enterprises of the electrical, chemical and petrochemical industries are concentrated here. The transformation from a small town to an industrial monster was due to the “coffee era”. A handful of mature coffee beans, brought by Sergeant Paleta in 1727 to his native city, had already turned into 11 million bags of coffee by the beginning of the 20th century. By 1930, coffee production in the country had doubled. During the First World War, the young industry of São Paulowas strengthened and was able to resist the onslaught of the Americans. Now in the Sao Paulo agglomeration there are 24 thousand enterprises that provide more than half of the country’s total industrial output. Today’s Sao Paulo is a hectic rhythm, scaffolding and cranes everywhere, a stream of cars, crowded streets. There are not many places for tourist excursions. However, it is worth paying attention to the Pakaembu stadium, where the “king of football”, the “black pearl” – Pele, often performed, and the ultra-modern Palace of Justice.
Those who are interested in wildlife will be curious to visit the Butantan Snake Sanctuary. As elsewhere in Brazil, the bazaars are very colorful, and on the streets of the city you can meet handicraftsmen and itinerant merchants offering funny souvenirs.
Brazil. It was built in three years literally out of the blue, or rather, in dense thickets of tropical forests. On April 21, 1960, the official opening of the city took place. Today it is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. On spacious open squares and parks, modern buildings fit into the landscape like works of art. The city is planned in the form of an airplane, and its Cathedral symbolizes the crown. Naturally, special importance was attached to the architectural appearance of official buildings. On the Three Powers Square, which is assigned the role of a government center, there are the Government Palace, the building of the National Congress and the building of the Supreme Court. The building of the National Congress includes two symmetrical 28-story towers, on both sides of which are two squat buildings: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The building of the Senate is crowned with a flat dome, the same dome, but as if turned upside down, a bowl, covers the House of Representatives. In front of the Supreme Court building there is a modern sculpture depicting Justice. In the middle of the square rises the sculptural work of Bruno Giorgi – these are the figures of Two Warriors. It is dedicated to the people who built this city.
The North-East of the country also deserves attention. Belem is a major economic center of this region. Bananal Island is the largest river island in the world, famous for its wonderful beaches and good fishing.
Salvador is the capital of the state of Bahia, the most African province in Brazil. The city is one of the largest cities in the country. It has an international airport, world-class hotels and resorts. The architecture of the city is a mixture of “colonial” style with Art Nouveau style, pretty narrow streets with colored houses pass from wide avenues of business districts with modern buildings.