What to See in Bulgaria

By | July 18, 2022

Rila Monastery (founded in the 10th century by the hermit Ivan Rilsky). It is located 119 km south of Sofia. The monastery is located at an altitude of 1147 m and covers an area of 8800 square meters. It attracts not only foreign visitors, but also pilgrims from all over Bulgaria.

Bachkovo Monastery. This monastery is located 29 kilometers from Plovdiv on the banks of the Asenitsa River. It was founded in 1083 by Gregory Bakurian, a Georgian by birth. The brethren of the monastery originally consisted of fifty Georgian monks. The Bachkovo Monastery owned great wealth, its lands stretched all the way to Thessaloniki (Thessaloniki). In terms of scale, architectural, artistic and cultural significance, it can only be compared with the Rila Monastery.

The Troyan Monastery is the third largest and most important monastery in Bulgaria. It is located far south, 6 km. from the town of Melnik. This is the only one of the monasteries restored in the first centuries of the Ottoman yoke, which was lucky to survive later.

According to Top-mba-universities, Bulgaria.Aladzha Monastery is the most famous medieval rock monastery in the Bulgarian Black Sea region, inhabited by hermit monks during the Second Bulgarian Kingdom of the 13th-14th centuries.

Zemensky Monastery is located in the valley of the Struma River, 76 kilometers southeast of Sofia. It was apparently laid down in the 13th century. During the period of Turkish rule, the monastery was destroyed and only the church of St. John the Evangelist. The monastery was restored only in the 19th century.

The monastery in the city of Shipka is a symbol of liberation from the Ottoman yoke as a result of the victorious Russian-Turkish war of 1877 – 1878;

The city-museum of Nessebar is located on a small peninsula, 17 km from the city of Burgas. Nessebar is one of the most ancient cities in Europe, included in the UNESCO world list of cultural monuments in 1983, and its ancient part has been declared an architectural and archaeological reserve since 1956.

Cape Kaliakra , whose name translates as “Beautiful Cape”, crashing into two kilometers into the sea, is one of the most captivating corners of the Bulgarian coast. The reason for this name was the rocky shores of an amazing golden-purple color, the height of which reaches 70 m.

Balchik. The city is located 42 km from Varna, in close proximity to Cape Kaliakra and the resort of Albena. It attracts with a wonderful mild climate, gentle sea and clean air. Due to its location and surroundings with beautiful white hills, the city is called “white”. Balchik arose in the 7th – 6th centuries. BC. as a Greek colony. For many centuries people have grown here some of the most fertile vineyards in Bulgaria. That is why the ancient settlers chose the god of wine Dionysius as their patron.

The archaeological site “Stone Forest” is located 18 kilometers from Varna and is one of the most incredible natural phenomena in Bulgaria. This amazing natural monument covers an area of ‚Äč‚Äčabout 50 square kilometers. Its length is about 700 meters. The stones are natural stone columns reaching up to 6 m in height. These columns, hollow inside, according to one hypothesis, are calcareous deposits around algae at the bottom of the ancient sea. After the outflow of water, inorganic deposits on the seabed eroded, acquiring their current bizarre forms. According to scientists, the age of these formations is about 50 million years.

Varna. In this city, an excursion to the dolphinarium is offered – the only one on the Balkan Peninsula, as well as an excursion to the aquarium.

Plevna. In memory of the battles near Plevna, a mausoleum of fallen Russian and Romanian soldiers, the Skobelevsky park-museum, the historical museum “Liberation of Plevna in 1877” were built in the city, near Grivitsa – the mausoleum of Romanian soldiers, in Pordim – two military history museums and about 100 other monuments in the vicinity of the city. A monument to the liberation of Plevna by the Soviet Army in 1944 was also erected in the city. In Moscow, at the Ilyinsky Gate, there is a monument to the grenadiers who fell near Plevna.

Burgas. One of the most famous sights of the city is the Marine Park, which stretches for seven kilometers along the sea. There is also the Summer Open Theatre, which can accommodate about 2,500 people. From the park you can get into the heart of the city with its lively cafes, cozy restaurants, bars and various shops. The City Historical Museum presents a fascinating journey into the past of the city. The excursion program includes a visit to the church of St. Cyril and Methodius and a small Armenian church, both of which belong to the buildings of the 19th century. Burgas baths, built next to healing mineral springs, are also interesting. They are among the most ancient in Bulgaria. and have been known since the time of the Romans. It is interesting to visit the Pyrgos fortress, the ruins of which are located on the shores of Lake Mandra. There is an assumption that the name of the city comes from the name of this fortress.

Sofia. The most noteworthy in the city are the remains of ancient Roman buildings, the Banya-Bashi Mosque (16th century), St. Sophia Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky, which is the hallmark of the city, the Boyana Church, located in the suburbs of the capital. Sofia is known for its museums, including the National Art Gallery (Bulgarian, Western European and Russian Art), the National Archaeological Museum, the Ethnographic Museum, the Museum of the History of Sofia, the Central Museum of the city, the house-museums of D. Blagoev, I. Vazov, V. Kolarov, A. Stamboliisky, N. Vaptsarov and others. Having studied the sights of Sofia, you can climb Mount Vitosha. In summer it is popular as a place for picnics and walks, and in winter it is used by skiers.

What to See in Bulgaria