The “visiting card” of the country is the world-famous pyramids. There are about a hundred pyramids here – large and small, some have been preserved almost unchanged.
All of them were created by human hands, but their appearance is so majestic that it seemed that the Lord himself created them. They are located along the left, western bank of the Nile in small groups, not far from the place where the capital of the country, Memphis, was located in the era of the Old Kingdom. Most of the pyramids are located in the suburbs of Cairo: Saqqara, Dahshur, Abu Sir. There are three great pyramids in Giza: Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure. The largest of them is the pyramid of Pharaoh Cheops. Currently, its height is 137 meters, but in the past it was 9 meters higher. The top of the pyramid is destroyed, as well as its facing blocks. The Great Pyramids are the largest structures ever built by man. They used 13,000,000 stones, the lightest of which weighs 2.5 tons, and the heaviest – about 15 tons.
According to Top-mba-universities, Egypt.tnother attraction of Egypt is Luxor. The excursion begins on the west bank of the Nile, where the city of the “dead” is located. Tourists will have the opportunity to visit the Valley of the Kings – the tombs of ancient Egyptian kings and the only female temple of Queen Hatshepsut, as well as the Colossi of Memnon. Having crossed to the eastern coast, tourists will find themselves in a modern city – the city of the “living”, where they will visit the majestic temples of Karnak and Luxor. For vacationers in Hurghada – this is a bus tour, vacationers in Sharm el-Sheikh, you can get to Luxor only by plane.
Excursion to Mount Moses and to the monastery of St. Catherine (their Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh). This tour starts late in the evening. Upon arrival, the ascent to the mountain, it is certainly done in the dark, in order to be the first to meet the dawn. The path to the mountain (the peak is at an altitude of 2,285 meters above sea level) is not close, but not very difficult either – the monks cut down 3,750 steps. During the journey, there are benches for rest and drinks are sold. Many pilgrims from all over the world come here and make this way to meet the dawn here.
Excursion to the ruins of the Roman fortress. On the edge of Old Cairo are the ruins of a Roman fortress built in the era of Emperor Trajan. Two towers of this fortress, which in ancient times was called Babylon, have survived. The walls of the Greek monastery come close to the towers, and right on top of one of the towers there is a small church of St. George, in which, according to legend, the chains of the Christian saint are kept. Here, near the walls of the monastery, there is a place where the city of Fustat, which gave rise to modern Cairo, was founded by the Arab conqueror of Egypt, Amr Ibn al-As. Excursion to the Egyptian Museum of Cairo. Here is collected what turned out to be possible to transfer to the capital after excavations: statues, obelisks, frescoes, papyri, sarcophagi, mummies, gold. One hundred and fifty thousand exhibits in one hundred halls. In one of the halls there is a world-famous statuette of Nefertiti, there is also a cast gold sarcophagus with a funeral mask of Tutankhamen, and other treasures of his tomb. It is better to go to the museum early in the morning, when the queue is small and there are not so many people in the halls. Entrance ticket to the museum costs 20 LE Entrance to the hall of mummies – 40 LE The museum is open from 9:00 to 16:00. On Friday the museum is closed from 11:30 to 13:00. A trip to Cairo is provided for both vacationers in Hurghada, and for vacationers in Sharm el-Sheikh.
Excursion jeep – safari. They leave in the morning in jeeps. The path lies along the coast to the Gharkana desert. The tour includes a visit to the Nabek National Park, a forest of Mangroves, where you can watch scenes of pristine nature, as well as snorkel and fins to the reefs. The tour includes a camel ride to Mount Kheriza, to the Bedouin camp.
It is located 300 km south of Hurghada. There are several good dive sites along the coast that can be reached by land. But, basically, this town is used as a starting point for many one-day and multi-day dive safaris on ships. During one-day dive safaris, you can visit the most famous reefs of the Red Sea – Elphinestone (Elphinestone), Abu Dabab (Abu Dabab) and Samadai (Dolphin House). Elphinstone Reef is famous for its high chance of encountering sharks. Abu Dabab is a group of 7 reefs that are very different from each other.
For multi-day dive safaris, Daedalus, Rocky and Zabargad reefs and two separate reef systems far out to sea – Shoal and St John’s Reef are available. But it must be remembered that Zabargad is a nature reserve and the number of ships visiting it is limited. In addition, there are restrictions on the qualifications of divers. Restrictions are constantly changing, so you need to check in advance if you are going there.
The legal depth of diving in the Red Sea is up to 30 meters. This is one of the measures that limit accidents.
In general, any immersion in the waters of the Red Sea and even just a look through the glass of the mask into its depths is a vivid impression that will not be erased for many years.