In Verona , thousands of tourists are attracted by Piazza Bra (1st century) – the ancient Roman arena, which is the second largest after the Colosseum, the Church of San Zeno (5th century), Juliet’s house and grave, Erbe i Signoria Square, Stone Bridge and Old Lock.
Florence is not inferior to Rome in the richness and grandeur of its monuments. The most famous monuments of the city include the Palazzo Vecchio (“Old Palace”, 1299-1314), Piazza della Signoria, the building of the Uffizi Gallery, the Bargello Palace, Palazzo Pitti – the most grandiose palace in Florence, the church of San Lorenzo and the Medici Chapel with the tombs of the dukes, the cathedral and monastery of San Marco, the cathedral of Santa Maria Novella, the church of Or San Michele and the observation deck in Piazzale Michelangelo. Be sure to visit the Gothic Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore (1296-1461), Giotto’s bell tower (XIV century) and the Signoria tower, the Baptistery of San Giovanni (“Gate of Paradise”) with gilded bronze gates, the famous Ponte Vecchio (“Old Bridge”) and the Cathedral of Santa Croce (XIII-XIV centuries) with the “Pantheon of Florence” – the graves of Michelangelo, Machiavelli, Galileo, Rossini, Dante and others. And this is only a small part of the city’s attractions!
According to Top-mba-universities,Florence has a huge number of museums and parks. The Uffizi Gallery is not only one of the oldest museums in Italy (1560), but also the most complete and significant collection of Italian painting in the world. The Museum of San Marco is located in the building of an ancient Dominican monastery (XIV century) and is famous for the frescoes and paintings of the great Dominicans Fra Beato Angelico (1395-1455) and Fra Bartolomeo, as well as the cells of Savonarola. Also of interest are the Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts, the Pitti Gallery in the Royal Apartments, the Palatine Gallery, the Gallery of Modern Art, the Silver Museum, the Carriage Museum, the National Bargello Museum, the Archaeological Museum in the Crocetta Palace with an extensive collection of ancient art, as well as the Medici Museum in the Medici-Ricardi Palace (XV century).
Venice built on 122 islands connected by 400 bridges. This is a real city-monument, where absolutely any building can claim the title of historical. Most Venetian canal streets are so narrow that you can easily rest your hands against the walls of opposite houses, while the buildings themselves reach a height of 7 floors. There are practically no banks near the canals – majestic houses “grow” right out of the water. One of the main attractions of the city is the Grand Canal, which runs through the entire city and is about 4 km long. with a width of up to 70 m. The Grand Canal leads to the central square of Venice – St. Mark’s Square, where the Cathedral of St. Mark of the XI century is also located, and the famous palace (and prison) of the Doge (the so-called rulers of Venice).
A huge number of ancient monuments are scattered throughout the city – the famous “Golden Bridge” (“Rialto”), “Bridge of Sighs” and “Bridge of Money Changers”, the building of the Old and New Procurations, the Venir de Leoni Palace, the library, the Clock Tower, the Campanile bell tower with an observation deck, numerous palaces of the Venetian nobility, the grandiose Arsenal complex, the Cathedral of Santa Maria de la Salute, the Frari Basilica, the 15th-century Ca d’Oro (“Golden House”) and Merceria shopping street. Many palaces are now located museums, including such famous collections as the Peggy Guggenheim Collection (the largest collection of modern art in Italy), the Museum of Venice, the Naval Museum (ship models and modern weapons), the Accademia Gallery, the Correr City Museum (historical and art collections), the School of the Brotherhood of St. Rocco (Tintoretto painting), etc.
Venice is also famous as the birthplace of the famous “Murano glass”, on the island of Murano has a museum, workshops and exhibitions of Venetian glass, as well as the church of St. Mary and Donato (XII century). The resort island of Lido has good sandy beaches and is also known for its “Municipal Casino” – the only luxury casino in the world that can only be reached by water.
Padua founded around the 6th century. BC e., the birthplace of one of the oldest European universities and a major scientific and cultural center of the Middle Ages, is now considered one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. Narrow medieval streets, paved with uneven paving stones, scatter in different directions from Valle Square. In the city center, opposite Piazza del Santo, there is a house in which, in the middle of the 15th century. lived Donatello. The beautiful church of St. Antonio (basilica del Santo) is one of the main attractions of the city.
Every year in June, when the day of St. Antonio, revered by all Italians, is celebrated, pilgrims from all over the world come to Padua to see the embalmed fragments of the saint’s body, with which the altar has been “decorated” since 1232, and which still supposedly have miraculous properties. Palazzo del Bo with typical medieval architecture, which housed the University of Padua at the end of the 16th century, serves the cause of education to this day. Along the perimeter, it is decorated with marble medallions with images of all the famous graduates and teachers of this “university” for its almost 800-year history. Many historical buildings in the city itself, allows it to compete even with Florence and Milan.
Pisa famous for the carefully trimmed bright green grass carpet Prato de Miracoli (“Field of Miracles”), on which rises the Baptistery, the “leaning tower” Campanile and the cemetery “Camposanto”. This place was sacred even in the times of the Etruscans, and in the Roman era, the Palladium stood here. In 1063, in honor of the victory of the Pisan fleet in the harbor of Palermo, a cathedral was erected on the foundations of the Palladium to commemorate the victory of the “Maritime Republic”. And literally immediately, the new building began to lean, turning into the most popular tower in Italy, attempts to “save” which continue to this day. Now Pisa Cathedral Square is considered unparalleled in the world.
Naples – the city is located at the foot of the volcano Vesuvius. Even in the times of the Roman Empire, the area was known as a place of rest for the nobility, who built baths and stadiums, villas and theaters here. By the 19th century the nearby coast has become a traditional resort for the aristocracy and bohemia, including Russian. Clear sea, mountain air, many thermal springs and rich culture attract many tourists to Naples, but the city itself is considered the most overpopulated and one of the most urbanized in Europe. The natural wonders of this area include the grottoes of di Pertosa, which are about 35 million years old.
National parks in Italy. There are four of them and they were created to preserve some species of animals. The oldest of them is the Gran Paradiso National Park (72,000 hectares), the only place where mountain goats and chamois live, as well as marmots, ermines, foxes and eagles. Italy ‘s largest park is the Stelvio National Park (135,000 ha), located among mountains and forests near Switzerland, where deer, chamois, roe deer, ground squirrels and pheasants are found in abundance. The Abruzzi National Reserve (30,000 ha) is located in one of the highest regions of the Apennines, where you can meet the last Abruzzo brown bears in Italy.