Bucharest is the capital of Romania. The city is located in the south of the country in the historical region of Wallachia. It was founded in 1459 and became the country’s capital in 1862. In the south of the city is the historical part. Now there is a 12-story House of Parliament, which was conceived as the largest building in the world, now in terms of area it is second only to the Pentagon in the United States. In addition, the Palace of Justice, the presidential palace, the Royal Palace, the Arc de Triomphe and the building of the National Bank are interesting in the Old Town.
Of the churches after the Ceausescu regime, there remained the Cathedral of the Patriarchate of the 17th century, the Cathedral of St. George the Old, the Church of St. Aron (15th century), Stavropoleos, the Patriarch and Croculescu. There are many museums in the city – Art Museum of Romania, the National Historical Museum, the Cotroceni National Museum, the open-air museum – the Museum of the Village, occupying 17 hectares, the Geological Museum, the Museum of Technology and the Museum of History. Parks such as Cizmigiu, Herestrau, Parkul Carol and the Botanical Garden are suitable for relaxation and walks in Bucharest, they support the status of Bucharest as one of the greenest cities in Europe.
In Transylvania, according to Top-mba-universities, the city of Brasov is very popular . The main attraction of the city is the Black Temple, which was built in the Gothic style. The name of the temple came from its black walls after a fire in 1689. Other sights of the city include the Church of St. Nicholas, the Church of St. Bartholomew, the Historical Museum and the Town Hall (15th century).
The city of Sighișoara is located in the same region . Vlad Tepes was born here, who is considered the same Dracula. His birthplace is a medieval citadel with nine towers. Opposite this place stands the Clock Tower with the clock still working, now there is a museum here. In Sighisoara, it is worth seeing the Temple of the Dominican Monastery, climbing the covered staircase with 172 steps to the Gothic Church located on the hill, as well as the historical museum. Not far from Sighisoara is the village of Albesti, where the museum of the Hungarian poet Sandor Petofi is located, he died here in 1848. The city of Timisoara is located in the west of Romania.. It was here that the revolution began in 1989. The Toksa Reformed Church is located in the southern part of the city, and on the most beautiful square of Timişoara – Pyata Uniri – opposite each other stand the Roman Catholic Church and the Serbian Orthodox Church. Fragments of the Bastion and the Cathedral of the Orthodox Metropolis with the Museum of Medieval Art have been preserved in the city.
Constanta is the largest port on the Black Sea coast of Romania and the second largest city in the country. From ancient times, there are a Roman wall erected in the 6th century, a monument to Ovid, a Roman mosaic, a Genoese lighthouse built in the 13th century and functioning today, an Orthodox Cathedral and a Catholic church. Be sure to visit the Museum of Natural History, the Archaeological Museum, the Museum of Navigation, the Museum of Ethnography or the Museum of Astronomy. The city is famous for its numerous beaches, both inside the city and in its environs.
Iasi – the capital of the historical region of Moldova, which is located in the east of the country. The main attractions of the city are the Trei-Ierakhi Church, the Metropolitane Church, where the relics of St. Paraskeva are located, the Argesh Monastery, the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, the first church painted in the style of Bukovina monasteries, the neo-Gothic Palace of Culture, which contains 4 museums, and the University building (oldest University of Romania).
Romanian castles were built between the 14th and 18th centuries mainly to defend against invaders. Dracula ‘s Castle is located 30 km south of Brasov. (Bran Castle). It stands on the top of a mountain covered with forest. Construction of the castle began in 1212 by German knights who wanted to protect the borders of Transylvania and ended in 1377. It was believed that Bran belonged to Prince Vlad the Impaler, whom everyone considers to be the same Count Dracula from the famous book by Bram Stoker, but in this whole story the only truth is that in 1462 Tepes was imprisoned in the dungeon of the castle. In 1920, the castle was presented to the English Queen Mary, the wife of King Ferdinand I. Mary made the castle her residence. There are many secret passages here. Now it houses the Museum of Feudal Art.
Peles Castle is located in the Southern Carpathians near the city of Sinai. Some people consider it one of the most beautiful castles in Europe. The castle was built between 1873 and 1883 in the German Neo-Renaissance style. King Ferdinand I liked to relax here in the summer. The 160 halls of the castle feature medieval furniture, Murano glass chandeliers, porcelain, crockery and ivory sculptures.
Corvinesti Castle is the most grandiose Gothic building in Romania. It was built in the 14th century on the site of a former Roman settlement. At first, the castle served as a fortress, and in the middle of the 15th century, one of the rulers of Transylvania began to live here. Having visited the castle, you can see the Gallery, the Hall of the Knights, the Hall of Meetings, as well as the chapel located nearby.
MONASTERIES OF BUKOVINA AND MOLDOVA
Bukovina is located in the Northern Carpathians. It is here that real artistic monuments – monasteries – have been preserved. Their outer walls were erected during the attack of the Turkish invaders. More than 500 years ago, biblical scenes were painted on these walls in the form of frescoes. In the historical region of Moldova in the east of Romania, there are about 48 monasteries, almost all of them were built in honor of the victory over the Turks in the 14th-15th centuries. Some of them are decorated on the inside with Byzantine frescoes of the 15th-16th centuries, and 7 of them are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Dacia is a region of Romania between the Danube Delta and the Carpathians. A favorite place for tourists here is the Iron Gates hydropower complex with a network of reservoirs. During the design of the complex, historical monuments were discovered, which are now exhibited in the Iron Gate Museum. On these lands you can see the ruins of the Roman camp of Drobeta dating back to the 2nd-5th centuries AD, the fortified Gotho-Dacian settlement in Spryncenata (2nd century BC), the ruins of the Byzantine fortress in Sucidava, the ruins of the Roman city of Romulus and the ruins of Roman fortress from the time of Emperor Trajan.
While traveling along the Black Sea coast of the country, you can see not only sandy beaches and resorts, but many ancient monuments have been preserved here – Callatis Fortress in Mangalia, Tomis Fortress in Constanta, the Statue of Ovid, the Statue of Mihai Eminescu, the Mosque of Constanta, which is a copy of the Konya Mosque from Turkish Anatolia, and the Lighthouse of Genoa. In addition, it is worth looking at the Techirghiol salt lake, visiting the Casino, whose building was built in the Rococo style, and an aquarium containing more than 100 species of marine fish.
In the Transylvanian Alps there are more than 40 glacial lakes, the highest of which is Lake Mioarele (2282 meters above sea level). Numerous hiking trails pass through the Balea Valley throughout this area, it should be noted that the routes are quite difficult, but the wildlife and landscapes of these parts are worth it.
Interesting excursions along the Danube Delta. Most of the delta is a protected area, in 1990 it was given the status of a biosphere reserve. This is a swampy area with many channels and oxbow lakes with an area of about 6 thousand square meters. km. Here you can see more than 280 species of birds, of which about 180 species nest in this region, while the rest arrive here from all over Europe. One of the largest reed fields in Europe is also located here. Steamboats go along the small tributaries of the Danube, you can also make rafting or kayaking along them.