Cities of South Africa. Johannesburg is considered
the oldest city in South Africa. which is located in the province of Houteng. It was founded in 1886 on the site of a gold mine. In the landscape of the city, there are many waste heaps left from the time of active gold mining. There are also many old buildings here. For example, the building of the Main Post Office with a clock is considered the most beautiful building in the city. There are many museums in Johannesburg – the Museum of History and the Geological Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts, the Paleontological Museum. The city is also known for its Market Street with a large market, but the area surrounding the city is more interesting. The Gold Reef City Amusement Park is located in Soweto. This park is a replica of Johannesburg from the 19th century. Then the area was swallowed up by the “gold rush”. You can go down into the mine and see with your own eyes how gold is smelted. There is a zoo not far from here. which was named the best on the continent. It covers 55 hectares and is home to over 600 mammals. The ethnographic village “Lesedi”, located north of Johannesburg, shows the life of the main peoples of South Africa.
According to Top-mba-universities, 60 km north of Johannesburg is the capital of the country, Tswana (formerly Pretoria). Here, in the center of Cathedral Square, there is a monument to former President Paul Kruger, and the Kruger Museum is nearby. The monument to the First Settlers is very interesting. It symbolizes the mass migration of Boer farmers to these places in 1835. At the top of the monument is an observation deck, which offers a beautiful view of the city. Tswana is home to the world’s largest administrative building, the Union Building, which was built in 1910. The government of South Africa sits here. From Tswana you can go to the entertainment complex Sun City. Once it was just a desert plain, but now, thanks to man, rocks rise here, forests grow, there are waterfalls and lakes. Among other things, on the territory of the complex you can go to the casino, dine in restaurants, visit the local nightclub. A monorail runs along Sun City, and a shuttle train will take you anywhere in this complex.
There are a lot of natural and historical attractions in the city of Cape Town . Fashionable shops and restaurants, hotels and theaters are now located in the Old Port. Here you can buy souvenirs, take a walk and eat delicious food. The University of Cape Town also stands out in the architecture of the city., the Parliament building, St. George’s Cathedral, the residence of the President of South Africa and the City Hall. The Cape Town Art Gallery presents paintings by famous foreign masters. Not far from the city, you can climb Table Mountain, to the top of which a cable car is stretched. Very interesting trips to the Cape of Good Hope, where two oceans merge – the Atlantic and Indian and where you can see penguins, as well as trips to Cape Agulhas – the southernmost point of the continent.
One of the largest ports in the world Durban located in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. It is known for its colorful oriental bazaars. Here, not far from each other, stand the Church of St. Paul (the first Anglican church in the region), the Hindu temple of Sri Ambalavaanar Alayam and the Juma Mosque. But still, the city is dominated by Asian features. From here you can go to the kingdom of Lesotho along the Sunny Pass in the Dragon Mountains.
In Durban and along the entire south coast, once a year you can see a very interesting phenomenon – the sardine race (The Sardin Run). In June-August, these areas are on the path of the annual migration of these fish from the coast of KwaZulu-Natal to Mozambique. Sardines move in schools many kilometers wide along the coast, followed by birds, sharks, dolphins, game fish and even whales. This spectacle is attended by many people from all over the world. Some just watch, others with fishing rods, nets, baskets and all kinds of utensils suitable for “catching” sardines, literally scoop the fish out of the ocean. You can watch this phenomenon not only from the coast, but also from the ocean, for which you can rent a boat (the approximate cost for half a day with all the equipment is $50).
Canyons and caves.
In the province of Mpumalanga, there is the Blyde River Canyon (Bloody River Canyon), 26 km long. This is the third largest canyon in the world, along the bottom of which three rivers flow. Of interest are the Cango Caves in the Western Cape and the Sterkfontein Caves near Johannesburg. The latter are located at a depth of more than 40 m. In one of these caves, a skull of a primitive woman was found. who was named Mrs. Pice, and she lived here more than 2 million years ago. The Sterkfontein Caves and its environs have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
From South Africa, excursions are constantly sent to one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world – Victoria Falls. It is located on the border between the countries of Zambia and Zimbabwe. where the Zambezi River flows. The height of the waterfall reaches 128 m. Nearby there are several hotels with top-class service, where you can have a great rest. In the country itself there is a Tugela waterfall on the river of the same name. It is considered the second highest in the world (948 m).
In the province of the Western Cape, the Garden Road route is very interesting. It starts 300 km east of Cape Town, reaches Port Elizabeth and includes visits to small towns and nature reserves. Along the way you will see many parks, beaches, horseback riding paths and places to relax.
The wine route will introduce you to the main wine-growing regions of South Africa – Paarl, Stellenbosch and Frank-Hoek. Here you have the opportunity to visit wine cellars, taste fine wines and taste an unforgettable dinner. Trips to ostrich farms are popular among tourists. You can learn more about these birds, take pictures with them, ride them and try their eggs. Basically, such excursions are arranged on the west coast near Cape Town.