Monuments of many eras have been preserved in Ukraine – from Scythian burials and Greek cities to examples of classical architecture. Sights can be seen almost everywhere, even in small towns and villages, not to mention large centers. Of course, the capital of Ukraine – Kiev attracts the most attention of tourists. This is a city of picturesque contrasts – high hills and gentle expanses, densely built-up quarters and huge park areas, wide highways and cozy lanes. The main sights of Kiev are St. Sophia Cathedral (XI century, rebuilt in the XVII century), Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (mid-XI century) – the oldest monastery in Russia, a fragment of the fortress walls of the XI century, called the Golden Gate, Vydubetsky Monastery (late XI century), the Church of the Savior on Berestovo (end of the 11th – beginning of the 12th centuries), St. Cyril’s Church (XII century); churches and buildings of the 17th century, made in the Baroque style; buildings of the Classicism era – a monument in honor of Magdeburg law (early 19th century), a rotunda church on Askold’s grave (early 19th century, built on in the middle of the 20th century), a university (mid-19th century); St. Volodymyr’s Cathedral (19th century), Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts (early 20th century), Opera House (early 20th century), State Bank (early 20th century). Interesting to visit squares and streets of the city – Andreevsky Descent, Khreshchatyk, Independence Square, Podil. Attract attention and numerous museums of the city – the National Museum. Shevchenko, Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts, Western and Eastern Art, Folk Decorative Arts, National Museum of Folk Architecture and Life in Pirogovo, archaeological, history of medicine, Kiev-Pechersk State Historical and Cultural Reserve, Museum of Art. Bogdana and Varvara Khanenkov, the One Street Museum, the Center for Contemporary Art at NaUKMA, the Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War, the historical and architectural monument-museum “Kyiv Fortress”, numerous art galleries and exhibitions.
According to Top-mba-universities, 60 km. from Kiev there is the city-museum of Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky – one of the oldest cities in the country, famous for its numerous museums and the special charm of its streets.
Lviv is one of the largest cities in Ukraine. It resembles an open-air museum, which houses 2000 historical, architectural and cultural attractions. In the center of the city there is an architectural ensemble with the Town Hall (1381 – 1827), which is a symbol of Lviv. The entrance to the Town Hall is guarded by two lions holding shields with the coat of arms of the city. Other attractions of the city include A. Mickiewicz Square, Svoboda Avenue, Powder Tower, city and royal arsenals, St. Nicholas Church, Assumption Church Ensemble, St. George’s Cathedral, Cathedral, Armenian Cathedral and Monastery, Bernardine Church and Monastery, Dominican Church, Church Jesuits, the Opera House, the palaces of Kornyakt, Lubomirsky and Potocki. In the east of the Lviv region there are three castles – Olesko (XIII – XVIII centuries), Podgoretsky (XVII – XVIII centuries) and Zolochevsky (XVI-XVII centuries).
Kharkiv is the country’s second largest city and the main cultural center of Eastern Ukraine. Kharkov has the largest square in Europe – Svoboda Square, where fairs and concerts are regularly held. Architectural monuments of the city – Assumption Cathedral (XIX century), Pokrovsky Cathedral (mid-XVI century), Annunciation Cathedral (late XIX century – early XX century), Bishop’s House (early XIX century), Gosprom (early XX century.).
Chernihiv – one of the oldest cities in Russia. The Spaso-Preobrazhensky (XI century), Borisoglebsky (XII century), Assumption (XII century) cathedrals, Elias Church (late XI – early XII centuries) and the Church of Paraskeva Pyatnitsa (late XII – early XII centuries) have survived to our times.). There are also architectural monuments of the XVII – XVIII centuries. and the era of classicism. Within the city there is a black grave, where, according to legend, the founder of the city, Prince Cherny, is buried.
Odessa is the third largest city in Ukraine. Its main attractions are the Trinity Church (1808), St. Paul’s Church (1897), the Belvedere (1826 – 28), the Opera and Ballet Theater (1884 – 87), the Palace (1805 – 10), the Palace complex (1826-34) and numerous museums dedicated to various topics.
Transcarpathia – a very interesting region of Ukraine. This is an area with a distinctive history and culture, formed under the influence of many peoples. All architectural trends are represented here – from wooden architecture to the styles of the late 19th – early 20th centuries; you can see ancient wooden and stone churches, grandiose medieval houses-palaces, monasteries, churches. Transcarpathia is famous for its feudal castles and fortresses, which were built in the X – XV centuries. to protect the cities and the residence of the nobility. In total, there are about 12 castles in this area. Among them are Khotyn Fortress, Kamenetz-Podolsk Castle, Lutsk Castle, Mukachevo Castle “Palanok”, Nevitsky Castle, Uzhgorod Castle, Podgoretsky Castle, Olesko, Zolochiv Castle. Khotyn fortress located near the city of Khotyn, 70 km from Chernivtsi on the banks of the Dniester. This is a historical and architectural monument of the 13th-19th centuries. The walls and 5 towers are well preserved, the fortress houses the Historical Museum. Inside there are residential buildings, a well, dungeons are also available to visitors.
Not far from the city of Rakhiv is the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve with karst caves “Milky Stone”, “Comb” and the deepest mine in the Carpathians “Druzhba”. In the reserve you can see a unique valley of daffodils. Near the village of Synevyrska Polyana there is an alpine glacial lake, which is a National Natural Park.