Winnemucca, Nevada

By | March 11, 2023

Winnemucca, Nevada is a small city with a population of 7,396 people as of 2018. It is located in Humboldt County in the northern part of Nevada and is part of the Reno-Sparks metropolitan area. The geography of Winnemucca is mostly flat with some rolling hills and mountains to the north. The climate is semi-arid and characterized by hot summers and cold winters with occasional snowfall. See harvardshoes for main cities in Nevada.

The history of Winnemucca dates back to 1859 when it was established as a trading post on the Humboldt River by settlers from California. Over time, it grew into a bustling town known for its famous brothels, gambling halls, and saloons. Today, it is still known for its rich history but has also become an agricultural center and transportation hub for the region.

Politically, Winnemucca is part of Nevada’s 2nd congressional district which is represented by Republican Mark Amodei in the House of Representatives. The city government consists of a mayor-council system with four council members elected at large to serve two-year terms.

The economy in Winnemucca relies heavily on tourism due to its many historic sites, casinos, and natural attractions such as nearby Lake Tahoe and Pyramid Lake. Agriculture also plays an important role in the local economy with alfalfa hay being one of the main crops grown in the area. Additionally, there are several large employers such as Walmart Distribution Center and Barrick Goldstrike Mines that provide jobs to local residents.

Winnemucca has six public schools under the jurisdiction of Humboldt County School District including three elementary schools, one middle school, one high school, and one alternative school. Additionally there are several private schools offering different educational pathways for students who are looking for something different than traditional public schooling options.

The most notable landmarks in Winnemucca include Martin Hotel which was built in 1869 during Nevada’s mining boom days; Union Pacific Depot which served as an important railroad station since 1868; Humboldt Museum which showcases artifacts from early settlers; Martin Meyers Park which features trails for hiking; and much more!

Winnemucca, Nevada

Population: 7,174. Estimated population in July 2020: 7,726 (+7.7% change)
Males: 3,676 (51.2%), Females: 3,498 (48.8%)

Humboldt County

Zip codes: 89445.

Median resident age: 34.0 years
Median household income: $46,699
Median house value: $124,000

Races in Winnemucca:

  • White Non-Hispanic (73.9%)
  • Hispanic (20.7%)
  • Other race (9.6%)
  • Two or more races (3.5%)
  • American Indian (3.4%)

(Total can be greater than 100% because Hispanics could be counted in other races)

Ancestries: German (21.6%), Irish (12.1%), English (11.5%), United States (7.4%), Italian (5.4%), Norwegian (3.8%).

Elevation: 4299 feet

Land area: 8.3 square miles


Winnemucca, Nevada is a small town located in the heart of the Humboldt Basin. It has a population of approximately 7,700 people and is the county seat of Humboldt County. The town is known for its rich history and its proximity to some of Nevada’s most beautiful landscapes.

The cost of living in Winnemucca is slightly lower than the national average, making it an attractive option for those looking to move away from larger cities. The median home price in Winnemucca is $167,200 which is significantly lower than the national median home price of $231,200. Renting an apartment or house in Winnemucca will usually cost around $1,000 per month depending on size and location. Utilities such as electricity and water are also fairly inexpensive compared to other cities in Nevada.

In terms of employment opportunities, Winnemucca offers a variety of jobs in both the public and private sectors. One major industry that has been driving economic growth in recent years has been mining operations due to nearby gold mines. The local government also employs many people in various roles such as police officers, fire fighters and teachers. There are also plenty of retail stores and restaurants throughout the town which provide plenty of job opportunities as well as places to shop and eat out during your free time!

For population 25 years and over in Winnemucca

  • High school or higher: 81.9%
  • Bachelor’s degree or higher: 20.4%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 6.4%
  • Unemployed: 8.0%
  • Mean travel time to work: 22.7 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Winnemucca city

  • Never married: 24.8%
  • Now married: 57.9%
  • Separated: 1.0%
  • Widowed: 4.3%
  • Divorced: 11.9%

11.3% Foreign born (9.0% Latin America, 1.4% Europe).

Population change in the 1990s: +703 (+10.9%).


Hospital/medical center in Winnemucca:


Other hospitals/medical centers near Winnemucca:



Airports certified for carrier operations nearest to Winnemucca:

  • ELKO REGIONAL (about 135 miles; ELKO, NV; Abbreviation: EKO)
  • RENO/TAHOE INTERNATIONAL (about 175 miles; RENO, NV; Abbreviation: RNO)
  • BOISE AIR TERMINAL/GOWEN FLD (about 206 miles; BOISE, ID; Abbreviation: BOI)

Other public-use airports nearest to Winnemucca:

  • WINNEMUCCA MUNI (about 8 miles; WINNEMUCCA, NV; Abbreviation: WMC)
  • BATTLE MOUNTAIN (about 66 miles; BATTLE MOUNTAIN, NV; Abbreviation: BAM)
  • MC DERMITT STATE (about 71 miles; MC DERMITT, OR; Abbreviation: 26U)
Amtrak station:
WINNEMUCCA (209 RAILROAD ST.). Services: fully wheelchair accessible, free short-term parking, free long-term parking.


Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Winnemucca:

  • UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA-RENO (about 132 miles; RENO, NV; Full-time enrollment: 10,375)
  • TRUCKEE MEADOWS COMMUNITY COLLEGE (about 174 miles; RENO, NV; Full-time enrollment: 4,615)
  • WESTERN NEVADA COMMUNITY COLLEGE (about 190 miles; Carson City, NV; Full-time enrollment: 2,167)
  • BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY (about 200 miles; BOISE, ID; Full-time enrollment: 12,033)
  • COLLEGE OF SOUTHERN IDAHO (about 250 miles; TWIN FALLS, ID; Full-time enrollment: 3,433)
  • BUTTE COLLEGE (about 285 miles; Oroville, CA; Full-time enrollment: 7,061)
  • SIERRA COLLEGE (about 286 miles; ROCKLIN, CA; Full-time enrollment: 9,313)


Public high schools in Winnemucca:

  • LOWRY, ALBERT HS (Students: 987; Location: 5375 KLUNCY CANYON ROAD; Grades: 09 – 12)
  • LEIGHTON HALL (Students: 16; Location: 310 EAST FOURTH STREET; Grades: 07 – 12)

Public primary/middle schools in Winnemucca:

  • SONOMA HEIGHTS ELEM (Students: 522; Location: 1500 MELARKEY STREET; Grades: PK – 04)
  • WINNEMUCCA JHS (Students: 515; Location: 451 REINHART STREET; Grades: 07 – 08)
  • FRENCH FORD MIDSCH (Students: 513; Location: 5495 PALAISADE DRIVE; Grades: 05 – 06)
  • GRASS VALLEY ELEM (Students: 412; Location: 6465 GRASS VALLEY ROAD; Grades: PK – 04)
  • WINNEMUCCA GRAMMAR SCHOOL (Students: 279; Location: 522 LAY STREET; Grades: PK – 04)
  • JACKSON MOUNTAIN ELEM (Location: 336 BOTTLECREEK ROAD; Grades: 04 – 08)
  • LEONARD CREEK ELEM (Location: 310 EAST FOURTH STREET; Grades: 01 – 07)


Library in Winnemucca:

  • HUMBOLDT COUNTY LIBRARY (Operating income: $725,775; Location: 85 EAST 5TH STREET; 60,800 books; 1,908 audio materials; 5,507 video materials; 215 serial subscriptions)