Yemen Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Yemen: population, cities


According to Countryaah website, Yemen has around 25 million residents.

Ethnic composition

Almost exclusively Arabs and a small minority of Europeans and Indians live in Yemen.


Islam is the state religion in Yemen. About 99% of Yemenis are Muslim. About two thirds of them are Sunnis and one third are Shiites.

An insignificant number of about 0.1% profess Christianity

National languages

The national language in Yemen is Arabic.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Yemen is Sana’a with around 2.6 million residents. According to Abbreviation Finder, YEM stands for Yemen in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym. Other cities are:

  • Aden with approx. 740,000 residents
  • Taiz with approx. 595,000 residents

Yemen: geography

Area and land use

Yemen can be divided geographically into the coastal plain on the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, into a mountainous highlands in the west and a plateau in the east. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Yemen.


The Tihama plain, a 40-70 m wide lowland strip, stretches along the coast of the Red Sea.

In the west rises a mountainous country, usually up to 2,500 m high. This is also where the country’s highest mountain, the Nabi Schuayb, lies at a height of 3,660 m.

The plateau in the east of Yemen rises to 2,185 m. The Rub al-Chali, the great Arabian desert, extends to the north.

Yemen covers an area of 537,000 km².


  • ForestOnly about 1% of the country is forested.
  • Arable land and fieldsIn North Yemen approx. 3 million hectares = 30,000 km² are agriculturally usable, in South Yemen only about 0.6% of the land area can be built on.
  • MountainsIn the west of the country there is a mountainous country that stretches from southern Yemen to the northern, Saudi-Arabian border.

National borders

The border between Yemen and its neighboring countries is 1,746 km.

To Oman 288 km

To Saudi Arabia 1,458.


Yemen has a sea coast with a length of around 1,900 km.

Tidal range

In Aden, the mean tidal range is around 0.8 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Yemen extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 12 ° 47 ‘to 18 ° 37’ north latitude Δλ = from 42 ° 40 ‘to 52 ° 58’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

The time in Yemen is ahead of the European time.

Δt (CET) = + 2 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Sana’a

Sana’a, the capital of Yemen, is located at a northern latitude of around φ = 15.5 ° and thus in the tropics.

If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 15 ° 30 ‘N, and so the image point of the sun is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 31 days before June 21st and then again 31 days after June 21st.


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Sana’a, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.


Nabi Schuayb

The highest mountain is the Nabi Schuayb with a height of 3,660 m.


Smaller rivers can only be found in the west and south of Yemen. They usually dry up before they have reached the coast. In addition, they do not have constant water and are often dried out.


The following islands are in front of the country or belong to the state elsewhere:

  • Socotra with an area of 3,600 km²
  • Kamaran
  • Abdalkuri
  • Samhah
  • Cal Farum
  • Dorsa

Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Red Sea

Yemen is located in the south on the Gulf of Aden and – to a small extent – on the Arabian Sea and in the west on the Red Sea.

Yemen Population