Lebanon Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Lebanon: population and cities


According to Countryaah website, Lebanon has around 4.8 million residents.

Ethnic composition

Lebanon has a population density of around 434 residents per km2, of which approx. 93% are Arabs, along with mainly Kurds and Armenians.


affiliation Around 60% of the population are Muslims (mainly Sunnis, Shiites, Druze), about 40% are Christians (mainly Maronites, Greek Orthodox).


language The national languages are Arabic (priority) and French.

Capital, other cities

The capital of the Republic of Lebanon is Beirut with a population of around 2.1 million. According to Abbreviation Finder, LBN stands for Lebanon in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

  • Tripoli with around 500,000 residents
  • Sidon with around 200,000 residents
  • Nabathieh with around 350,000 residents


New York (8 million) in the USA,

Sao Paulo (> 17 million) in Brazil,

Berlin (3.4 million) in Germany,

London (7.2 million) in England and Great Britain,

Beijing (City 6 million) in China,

Mexico City in Mexico, the most populous city on earth (over 20 million),

Tokyo (11.8 million) in Japan.

Lebanon: geography

Lebanon is located in the Middle East between Israel, Syria and the Mediterranean. It has an approximately rectangular shape, narrowing in the north and south. At the widest point it measures 88 km, at  the narrowest it is 32 km. The country is 212 km long. Most of the country is more than 1,000 m above sea level. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Lebanon.


Area and land use

The Republic of Lebanon covers a total area of 10,452 km².


  • Forest approx. 8%
  • Meadows, pastures approx. 1%
  • Arable landapprox. 21%
  • Permanent cultivationapprox. 9%


Wine, citrus fruits, dessert fruits, vegetables and potatoes are grown. There is also cattle, sheep, goat and poultry farming.

National borders

Lebanon borders Israel to the south (79 km) and Syria (375 km) to the north and east.


The length of the Lebanese Mediterranean coast is 225 km.

Tidal range in Lebanon

Even in stormy weather, the tidal range is only about 40 cm.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Lebanon extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 33 ° to 35 ° north latitude Δλ = from around 036 ° to 037 ° east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For the Republic of Lebanon, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = + 1 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Beirut

Beirut lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 34 °.

If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Beirut, on June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

34 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 79.5 °

At 79.5 °, the sun in Beirut has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (precisely: above the horizon).

Mountains, Qornet es Saouda

Qornet es Saouda

The highest mountain in the country is the Qornet es Saouda with a height of 3,088 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Qornet el-Asharah with a height of 2,903 m
  • Jebel Sannîn with a height of 2,548 m.

Rivers, Nahr al-Litani

Nahr al-Litani

The longest river in the country is the Nahr al-Litani with a length of 145 km.

Other (small) rivers in the country are:

  • Barouk
  • Orontes

Lakes, Lac de Karaoun

Lac de Karaoun

The only “larger” lake in Lebanon is Lac de Karaoun, an artificial lake with an area of around 11 km².

The Mediterranean

The Mediterranean covers an area of 2.5 million km². It is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by the Strait of Gibraltar, which is around 15 km wide at its narrowest point. And over the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmara and the Bosperus with the Black Sea. Its deepest point – the so-called Calypso Deep – at around 5,265 m is in the Ionian Sea south of the Greek Peloponnese peninsula. In the Mediterranean there are two still active volcanoes, it is the approx. 916 m high Stromboli on the approx. 12.6 km² large island of the same name, which is part of the Aeolian Islands. In Sicily near Catania and Messina there is the approximately 3,323 m high Etna. The approx. 1,280 m high Vesuvius near Naples on the mainland, which was built in 79 AD. Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum is currently inactive – its last eruption occurred in 1944.

The Mediterranean borders or belongs to Europe, Asia and Africa, which it not only divides but also connects with each other since ancient times. The following countries are located on or in the Mediterranean Sea (in alphabetical order):

Egypt Albania
Algeria Bosnia Herzegovina
France Gibraltar
Greece Israel
Italy Croatia
Lebanon Libya
Malta Morocco
Monaco Montenegro
Slovenia Spain
Syria Turkey
Tunisia Cyprus

The largest and most famous islands in the Mediterranean are:

Sicily – the largest island of the Mediterranean Sea with an area of 25,703 km²

Sardinia with an area of 24,090 km²

Cyprus with an area of 9,251 km²

Corsica with an area of 8,680 km²

Crete with an area of 8,331 km²

Mallorca (Balearic Islands) with an area of 4,992 km²

Lesbos with an area of 1,636 km²

Rhodes with an area of 1,401 km²

Chios with an area of 843 km²

Menorca with an area of 694 km²

Corfu with an area of 593 km²

Ibiza with an area of 571 km²

Samoswith an area of 478 km²

Limnos with an area of 478 km²

Naxos with an area of 389 km²

Andros with an area of 389 km²

Thasos with an area of 380 km²

Kos with an area of 288 km²

Gökçeada with an area of 287 km²

Ikaria with an area of 255 km²

Malta with an area of 246 km² (main island)

Elba with an area of 225 km²

Lebanon Population