Luxembourg Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Luxembourg: population and cities


According to Countryaah website, Luxembourg has a total of approx. 576,000 residents.

Ethnic composition

There are 307,000 Luxembourgers living in Luxembourg. Other residents are 90,000 Portuguese, 41,700 French, 40,000 Italian, 19,400 Belgians and Germans

Religious affiliation

Church and state are separated and from the 2017/2018 school year the previous religious instruction was discontinued and the subject “Life and Society” was replaced.

  • Catholics approx. 98%
  • Protestants approx. 1%
  • Jews approx. 0.25%
  • Muslims approx. 0.1%

National language

Lëtzebuergesch, official language also French and German.

Capital and other cities

The capital of Luxembourg is Luxembourg-Ville with a population of around 114,000. According to Abbreviation Finder, LUX stands for Luxembourg in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities and municipalities are:

  • Echternach with around 5,700 residents, known for the Echternach jumping procession
  • Esch/Alzette with around 25,400 residents
  • Differdange with around 17,700 residents
  • Dudelange with around 17,200 residents
  • Petange with around 13,800 residents
  • Sanem with around 12,900 residents
  • Schengen with around 4,900 residents, known from the Schengen Agreement

Luxembourg: geography, map

National borders

Luxembourg has a common border with a total of three countries:

  • Germany with a length of around 135 km
  • France with a length of around 73 km
  • Belgium with a length of around 148 km

Area and land use

Luxembourg covers a total area of 2,586 km². Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Luxembourg.


  • ForestAround 34% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 27% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Arable land and fieldsAround 22% of the land is used as arable land or fields.

Longitude and latitude

Luxembourg extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 49 ° 23 ‘to 50 ° 05’ north latitude Δλ = from around 005 ° 48 ‘to 006 ° 40’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.


For Luxembourg, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET).

Δ t (CET) = 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Luxembourg

The city of Luxembourg is located at a north latitude of around φ = 49.5 °.

If the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Luxembourg, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

49.5 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 64 °

At 64 °, the sun in Luxembourg has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).

Mountains, elevations


The highest “mountain” or the highest elevation in the country is the Burgplatz in Huldange with a height of 560 m.


Another elevation is the almost equally high Wemperhardt with a height of 559 m.



The Moselle rises in France at the Col de Bussang in the Vosges and flows into the Rhine after about 545 km at the so-called “Deutsche Eck” in Koblenz on the left bank of the Rhine. Over a length of 36 km, the river in the southeast of the country forms the border with Germany. In Germany the Moselle flows through the federal states of Saarland and Rhineland Palatinate. In addition to Koblenz, Metz, Nancy, Schengen in Luxembourg (Schengen Agreement) and Trier are larger cities on the river or in its vicinity. The Moselle is the longest tributary of the Rhine and is known, at least throughout Germany, for its excellent wines. In addition to Schengen, the villages of Remich and Grevenmacher are also located on the river in Luxembourg.

Saar, Sauer, Alzette

The two longest tributaries of the Moselle are the Saar with a length of around 245 km and the Sauer with a length of around 175 km, whose approximately 95 km long tributary the Our forms part of the border with Germany. The Our flows into the Sauer near Wallendorf in Germany.

The Alzette has its source in France, flows through the city of Luxembourg and flows into the Sauer after about 75 km at Ettelbrück in Luxembourg. By the way, the Sauer flows into the Moselle near the municipality of Oberbillig – in the Trier-Saarburg district in Rhineland-Palatinate.


Echternacher See

The largest lake is the Echternacher See with an area of about 35 ha = 0.35 km².

Other lakes are:

  • Upper Sauer Reservoir
  • Remescher lakes
  • Weisswampacher lakes
  • Rosporter reservoir

Luxembourg Population